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Does Formal Child Care Availability for 0?3 Year Olds Boost Mothers' Employment Rate? Panel Data Based Evidence from Belgium

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  • Claire Dujardin
  • Muriel Fonder
  • Bernard Lejeune

Abstract

In 2003, a new multi-annual program aimed at increasing the availability of formal child care for 0?3 year old children was launched in Wallonia, the French-speaking part of Belgium. This paper is interested in evaluating if this increased availability of formal child care resulted in a higher employment rate for women with at least one child under 3. To this end, we use a difference-in-differences approach based on municipality-level panel data, taking advantage of the fact that the increase in availability of formal child care differed greatly across municipalities. We find that the raise in child care availability significantly increased the maternal employment rate, but to a lesser extent than expected, most likely because of a substantial crowding-out effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Claire Dujardin & Muriel Fonder & Bernard Lejeune, 2018. "Does Formal Child Care Availability for 0?3 Year Olds Boost Mothers' Employment Rate? Panel Data Based Evidence from Belgium," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 129, pages 103-126.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2018:i:129:p:103-126
    DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.129.0103
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    File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.15609/annaeconstat2009.129.0103
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Müller, Kai-Uwe & Wrohlich, Katharina & Sengül, Denise, 2016. "Does subsidized care for toddlers increase maternal labor supply? Evidence from a large-scale expansion of early childcare," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145654, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. María Padilla-Romo & Francisco Cabrera-Hernández, 2018. "The Effect of Children's Time in School on Mothers' Labor Supply: Evidence from Mexico's Full-Time Schools Program," Working Papers 2018-04, University of Tennessee, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Child Care; Maternal Employment; Difference-in-Differences; Random Trend Model;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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