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Weiterbildung in kleinen und mittleren Betrieben: ein deutsch-dänischer Vergleich

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  • Haak, Carroll
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    Abstract

    Die Partizipation an betrieblicher Weiterbildung hat zwar in den letzten Jahren in Deutschland stark zugenommen, dennoch liegt diese im europäischen Vergleich im unteren Mittelfeld. Gleichzeitig steigt die Nachfrage nach qualifizierten Arbeitskräften stetig, während Geringqualifizierte, bzw. ungelernte Kräfte immer geringere Chancen auf eine Beschäftigung haben. Insbesondere kleine und mittlere Betriebe in Deutschland sind trotz hoher Arbeitslosigkeit von Fachkräftemangel betroffen. Investitionen in das Humankapital der Beschäftigten zur Anpassung an die betriebliche Nachfrage nach Qualifikationen sind ein zentrales Instrument, um diesen Schwierigkeiten zu begegnen. In diese Studie wird das Weiterbildungsengagement kleiner und mittlerer Betriebe in Deutschland und Dänemark vor dem Hintergrund der Ausgestaltung der Weiterbildungssysteme der beiden Länder anhand der Daten einer europaweiten Unternehmensbefragung (CVTS II) empirisch untersucht und bewertet. Dänemark ist aus bildungs- und beschäftigungspolitischer Perspektive sehr erfolgreich, was sich auch in einem hohen betrieblichen Weiterbildungsengagement niederschlägt. Somit wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob Weiterbildungsdefizite in kleinen und mittleren Betrieben in Deutschland originär der Betriebsgröße zuzuschreiben sind, oder die institutionellen Arrangements der unterschiedlichen Weiterbildungssysteme die zentrale Rolle spielen. -- In recent years, participation in further vocational education in Germany has increased, but the participation rate is still below average in comparison with other European Countries. While demand for qualified workers is rising, there is an increasing number of low-qualified and unqualified workers with little chance of getting a job. In particular, small and medium sized enterprises are experiencing skill shortages, although the unemployment rate in Germany is still high. Investment in human capital is a central instrument for matching labour market demand with supply to meet these problems. This paper investigates the further vocational training activities of small and medium sized enterprises in Germany and Denmark in the context of an analysis of their further training systems. The data used are drawn from a European company survey, CVTS II. In terms of vocational training and employment growth, Denmark is very successful and the usage of vocational further training in companies is very high. Thus, the study investigates whether it is the size of enterprises or the institutional arrangements of further training that plays the central role in explaining the deficits in further vocational training activity in small and medium sized enterprises in Germany in comparison with Denmark.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2003-101.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2003101

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    1. Acemoglu, D., 1996. "Changes in Unemployment and Wage Inequality: An Alternative Theory and Some Evidence," Working papers 96-15, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    2. Acemoglu, Daron & Pischke, Jörn-Steffen, 1996. "Why do Firms Train? Theory and Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 1460, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Ashworth, John & Johnson, Peter & Conway, Cheryl, 1998. " How Good Are Small Firms at Predicting Employment?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 379-87, June.
    4. Kapsalis, Constantine, 1997. "Employee Training: An International Perspective," MPRA Paper 25754, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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