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The Role of Regional Knowledge Sources for Innovation: An Empirical Assessment

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Author Info

  • Slavtchev, Viktor
  • Fritsch, Michael

Abstract

We investigate the contribution of different inputs, particularly different knowledge sources, on regional patenting output in the framework of a knowledge production function. The knowledge sources included are R&D employment, size of public research institutions by field of research (budget), amount of university external research funds from private firms, public departments, German Science Foundation (DFG), and from other sources. The contribution of these knowledge sources is tested systematically on the level of German districts (Kreise) by including the respective information for the particular region and for adjacent regions. One main finding is that the quality of the university research makes some contribution to regional innovation while the mere size of the universities is unimportant. Differences in the effect on innovative output can be found according to academic disciplines and type of university. -- Wir untersuchen die Bedeutung verschiedener Inputs, insbesondere verschiedener Wissensquellen, für den regionalen Output an Erfindungen (Patente) mithilfe einer Wissensproduktionsfunktion. Als Wissensquellen werden die FuE-Beschäftigte im Privatsektor, die Größe der Universitäten und Fachhochschulen sowie das Volumen der von ihnen aus verschiedenen Quellen eingeworbenen Drittmittel berücksichtigt. Die Bedeutung dieser Wissensquellen wurde systematisch auf der Ebene der westdeutschen Kreise getestet, wobei Informationen sowohl über den jeweiligen Kreis als auch über die Nachbarkreise einbezogen wurden. Es stellt sich heraus, dass von der Qualität der in den Universitäten und Fachhochschulen betriebenen Forschung ein signifikanter Einfluss auf die regionale Innovationstätigkeit ausgeht. Die reine Größe der Universitäten und Fachhochschulen in der Region hat hingegen keinen Einfluss. Darüber hinaus ermitteln wir Unterschiede nach Herkunft von Drittmitteln sowie Unterschiede in der Bedeutung verschiedener Fachdisziplinen für regionale Innovationsaktivitäten. Wissensspillover sind im Wesentlichen auf die angrenzenden Kreise begrenzt.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in its series Freiberg Working Papers with number 2005,15.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:tufwps:200515

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Related research

Keywords: Wissen; Innovation; Spillover; Patente; regionale Analyse; Knowledge; innovation; spillovers; patents; regional analysis;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tom Broekel & Thomas Brenner, 2011. "Regional factors and innovativeness: an empirical analysis of four German industries," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 169-194, August.
  2. Giovanni Guastella & Frank van Oort, 2011. "On specifying heterogeneity in knowledge production functions," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1114, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Horbach, Jens, 2013. "Do eco-innovations need specific regional characteristics? An econometric analysis for Germany," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79927, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  4. Fritsch, Michael & Slavtchev, Viktor, 2006. "Universities and innovation in space," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,15, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  5. David Audretsch & Marcel Hülsbeck & Erik Lehmann, 2012. "Regional competitiveness, university spillovers, and entrepreneurial activity," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 587-601, October.
  6. Michael Fritsch & Dirk Schilder, 2008. "Does venture capital investment really require spatial proximity? An empirical investigation," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 40(9), pages 2114-2131, September.
  7. Wagner, Joachim, 2006. "International Firm Activities and Innovation: Evidence from Knowledge Production Functions for German Firms," HWWA Discussion Papers 344, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  8. Alexandra Schröter, 2008. "Perspektiven der Innovationspolitik in den neuen Bundesländern," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 15(02), pages 40-52, 04.
  9. Jens Horbach, 2014. "Do eco-innovations need specific regional characteristics? An econometric analysis for Germany," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 23-38, February.
  10. Thomas Brenner & Carsten Emmrich & Charlotte Schlump, 2013. "Regional Effects of a Cluster-oriented policy measure. The Case of the InnoRegio program in Germany," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2013-05, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.

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