Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Volksheim oder Shopping Mall? Die Reproduktion der Gesellschaft im Dreieck von Markt, Sozialstruktur und Politik

Contents:

Author Info

  • Streeck, Wolfgang
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Flexible markets require flexible societies; humans, however, need a stable social order. According to received wisdom, when capitalist development razes traditional social structures, society fights back, and welfare state policies organize new stability to replace the old. More market produces more state. The present essay deals with the fertility crisis of modern societies in its relationship with both the expansion of labor markets and the change in family structures since the 1970s. It shows that traditional societies are fragile for their own reasons, without having to be subverted by expanding markets. Markets generate not just disorder but they also promise freedom. The end of the Fordist family was experienced not just as a loss but also as liberation. The decline of the standard employment relationship was paralleled by a decline of the standard family relationship, and with rising labor market participation by women, divorce rates increased while birth rates declined. Birth rates declined most where women are still required to be married in order to have children. The physical reproduction of contemporary modern societies depends on the choices of working women living with loose family ties. The social-democratic solution is the Scandinavian folkhemmet (people's home), where the traditional tasks of families are transferred to the welfare state. This is expensive, as is government provision of flexicurity in the labor market through active labor market policies. It may also provoke deep government intervention into the private lives of citizens. The alternative is the social model of the United States where the dysfunctions of the market are treated, not by government, but by further marketization: commercialization replaces state intervention. More market produces yet more market. -- Flexible Märkte verlangen flexible Sozialstrukturen, menschliches Leben aber braucht stabile Gesellschaften. Herrschende Lehre ist: Die kapitalistische Entwicklung zerschlägt traditionale Ordnungen, doch die Gesellschaft setzt sich zur Wehr, und wohlfahrtstaatliche Politik organisiert neue Sicherheit anstelle der alten. Mehr Markt bewirkt mehr Staat. Thema des Aufsatzes ist die Fertilitätskrise moderner Gesellschaften und ihr Zusammenhang mit der Expansion des Arbeitsmarktes und dem Wandel der Familienstrukturen seit den 1970er Jahren. Gezeigt wird, dass traditionale Ordnungen auch ohne Subversion durch expandierende Märkte fragil sind. Märkte erzeugen nicht nur Unordnung, sondern bieten auch Freiheit. Das Ende der fordistischen Familie wurde nicht nur als Ordnungsverlust erlebt, sondern auch als Befreiung. Parallel zum Normalarbeitsverhältnis zerfiel das Normalfamilienverhältnis, und mit steigender Erwerbstätigkeit der Frauen stiegen die Scheidungs- und sanken die Geburtenraten. Am größten war und ist der Rückgang der Kinderzahlen, wo Frauen verheiratet sein müssen, um Kinder haben zu können. Die physische Reproduktion moderner Gegenwartsgesellschaften kann nur durch berufstätige Frauen in lockeren Familienbindungen stattfinden. Die sozialdemokratische Lösung ist das skandinavische Volksheim, in dem die traditionellen Aufgaben stabiler Kernfamilien von der wohlfahrtsstaatlich verfassten Solidargemeinschaft übernommen werden. Das ist teuer, nicht anders als die staatliche Gewährleistung von flexicurity im Arbeitsmarkt durch aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik, und verlockt zu tiefen staatlichen Interventionen in die Privatsphäre. Die Alternative ist das Gesellschaftsmodell der USA, das die Dysfunktionen des Marktes statt durch staatliche Politik durch immer weitere Vermarktlichung zu beheben sucht: Kommerzialisierung statt Verstaatlichung. Mehr Markt führt zu noch mehr Markt.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/45855/1/660700034.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Working Paper with number 11/5.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgw:115

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Paulstr. 3, 50676 Köln
    Phone: + 49 (0) 221-2767-0
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.mpifg.de/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Ahn, N. & Mira, P., 1999. "A Note on the Changing Relationship Between Fertility and Female Employment Rates in Developed Countries," Papers 9903, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
    2. Streeck, Wolfgang & Mertens, Daniel, 2010. "Politik im Defizit: Austerität als fiskalpolitisches Regime," MPIfG Discussion Paper 10/5, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgw:115. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.