Empirical Modeling of Deprivation Contagion among Social Exclusion Dimensions (Using MCMC Methods)
AbstractEconomic theory and empirical evidence clearly show that social exclusion dimensions are inter-related. Notwithstanding that, dimensions are usually assumed independent from one another in the economics literature. In this paper we explore the inter-dependency of social exclusion dimensions and study the transmission of deprivation among them. In particular, we propose the use of stochastic epidemic models, which are typically used to study the transmission of infectious diseases, to the analysis of deprivation diffusion among social exclusion dimensions with the aim of acquiring a deeper understanding of the mechanism governing deprivation transmission. We also provide an empirical implementation that investigates the consequences, in terms of future deprivation, for Italian and Spanish women of being jobless, as opposed to doing paid work. We also investigate the consequences of being unemployed versus being inactive. We conclude that working seems to act as a protective mechanism to shocks. In addition, conditional on losing one’s job, women who subsequently search for a job (unemployed) are more likely to experience contagion than women who do not search (inactive).
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2614.
Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Jacques Silber (ed.), The Measurement of Individual Well-Being and Group Inequalities: Essays in Memory of Z.M. Berrebi, Routledge, 2010
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Other versions of this item:
- Ambra Poggi & Xavier Ramos, 2007. "Empirical Modeling of Deprivation Contagion Among Social Exclusion Dimensions (Using MCMC Methods)," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 59, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
- C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
- C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
- I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-03-24 (All new papers)
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