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Politik im Defizit: Austerität als fiskalpolitisches Regime

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  • Streeck, Wolfgang
  • Mertens, Daniel
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    Abstract

    Seit Anfang der 1970er-Jahre lässt sich eine graduelle Verschärfung der fiskalischen Situation moderner Staaten beobachten. Chronisch gewordene Defizite und eine dramatisch gestiegene Staatsverschuldung sind zu einer beherrschenden Rahmenbedingung wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Politik geworden. Das Papier beschreibt für die Bundesrepublik die langfristige Etablierung eines fiskalpolitischen Regimes der Austerität. Die mit diesem verbundene Einengung des diskretionären Handlungsspielraums staatlicher Politik wird anhand einer Analyse der Entwicklung der Ausgabenstruktur des Bundeshaushalts in den vergangenen vier Jahrzehnten dokumentiert. Die Reaktionen der deutschen Politik auf die 'Finanzkrise' bewirken eine Verfestigung des neuen Austeritätsregimes. Das Papier endet mit Überlegungen zu den Auswirkungen institutionalisierter fiskalischer Austerität auf Stabilität und Qualität demokratischer Politik in Deutschland. -- Since the early 1970s modern states have been faced with a gradual tightening of their fiscal situation. Chronic deficits and mounting public debt have become major factors determining welfare state policies. In the paper we identify the establishment of a fiscal regime of austerity in Germany resulting in an institutionalized crisis of public finances. Analyzing the development of the federal budget in the past four decades, we show a long-term narrowing of fiscal leeway for discretionary policies. We also argue that the reactions of German politics to the 'financial crisis' are consolidating the new austerity regime. We conclude that the stability and quality of democratic politics are substantially affected by the consequences of institutionalized fiscal austerity.

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    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Discussion Paper with number 10/5.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgd:105

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    1. Streeck, Wolfgang & Thelen, Kathleen (ed.), 2005. "Beyond Continuity: Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199280469, September.
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    1. Streeck, Wolfgang, 2011. "Volksheim oder Shopping Mall? Die Reproduktion der Gesellschaft im Dreieck von Markt, Sozialstruktur und Politik," MPIfG Working Paper 11/5, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.

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