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Pragmatismus und wirtschaftliches Handeln

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  • Beckert, Jens

Abstract

Welche Alternative zur ökonomischen Handlungstheorie besteht für die Untersuchung wirtschaftlicher Phänomene? In dem Beitrag wird die These entwickelt, dass die Wirtschaftssoziologie im amerikanischen Pragmatismus eine handlungstheoretische Grundlage findet, die es ermöglicht, zentrale ökonomische Phänomene besser zu verstehen als ausgehend von der Theorie rationaler Wahl. Die Grundlagen des Pragmatismus werden zunächst anhand von drei handlungstheoretischen Problemstellungen erläutert. Im zweiten Teil des Beitrags wird dann gezeigt, wie sich auf dieser Grundlage Innovationen, institutioneller Wandel, Preisbildung und Präferenzen der Akteure verstehen lassen. Der Beitrag endet mit Überlegungen zur Frage, weshalb die pragmatistische Handlungstheorie eine nur geringe Bedeutung in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften erlangen konnte. -- What alternatives to rational choice theory do exist to explain economic phenomena? I argue that American pragmatism presents a viable alternative for the explanation of key economic incidences. First I illustrate the foundations of pragmatism using three problems regularly encountered in action theory. Then I show how innovation, institutional change, price formation and actors' preferences can be analyzed based on pragmatist premises. I conclude by reflecting on why pragmatism has found so little recognition in economics.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Working Paper with number 09/4.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgw:094

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  1. Fligstein, Neil, 2001. "Social Skill and the Theory of Fields," Center for Culture, Organizations and Politics, Working Paper Series qt26m187b1, Center for Culture, Organizations and Politics of theInstitute for Research on Labor and Employment, UC Berkeley.
  2. Aspers, Patrik, 2006. "Designing for the Other: Using Knowledge to Upgrade Manufacturing in the Garment Industry," MPIfG Discussion Paper 06/9, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
  3. Matthew Rabin., 1997. "Psychology and Economics," Economics Working Papers 97-251, University of California at Berkeley.
  4. Beckert, Jens & Streeck, Wolfgang, 2008. "Economic sociology and political economy: A programmatic perspective," MPIfG Working Paper 08/4, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
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