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Die Globalisierung und der Wohlfahrtsstaat: Ein Literaturrückblick


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  • Genschel, Philipp
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    In der Politikwissenschaft gibt es drei verschiedene Thesen zum Zusammenhang von Globalisierung und Wohlfahrtsstaat. Die erste behauptet, die Globalisierung sei schuld an der chronischen Krise des Wohlfahrtsstaates. Der Prozess der außenwirtschaftlichen Öffnung und internationalen Integration setze die Regierungen unter Druck, sich marktgerecht zu verhalten und zwinge sie dadurch, sich von kostenintensiven Sozialprogrammen zu verabschieden (Globalisierungstheorie). Die zweite These ist genau entgegengesetzt. Was immer die Gründe der chronischen Krise des Wohlfahrtsstaates sein mögen, der Prozess der außenwirtschaftlichen Öffnung habe damit nichts zu tun (Globalisierungsskepsis). Die dritte These schließlich lautet, dass die Globalisierung nicht nur an der Krise des Wohlfahrtsstaates unschuldig sei, sondern selbst als Produkt dieser Krise und Teil ihrer Lösung verstanden werden müsse (Revisionismus). Das Papier stellt alle drei Thesen ausführlich vor und zeichnet ihre intellektuellen Entwicklungslinien nach. -- There are basically three stories about the globalisation-welfare state nexus. The first story argues that globalisation is the cause of the chronic crisis of the welfare state (globalization theory). The second maintains that whatever the cause of the welfare state crisis, globalisation is not part of it (globalization sceptics). The third story holds that globalisation, far from causing the welfare state's troubles, is a consequence of these troubles and part of their solution (revisionism). The paper reviews each of these stories and traces their intellectual origins.

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    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Working Paper with number 03/5.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgw:035

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    1. Streeck, Wolfgang, 1999. "Competitive solidarity: Rethinking the European social model," MPIfG Working Paper 99/8, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    2. Garrett, Geoffrey, 1998. "Global Markets and National Politics: Collision Course or Virtuous Circle?," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 52(04), pages 787-824, September.
    3. Ziltener, Patrick, 2001. "Wirtschaftliche Effekte der europäischen Integration: Theoriebildung und empirische Forschung," MPIfG Working Paper 01/7, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    4. Martin Feldstein & Charles Horioka, 1979. "Domestic Savings and International Capital Flows," NBER Working Papers 0310, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Frieden, Jeffry A., 1991. "Invested interests: the politics of national economic policies in a world of global finance," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 45(04), pages 425-451, September.
    6. Ruggie, John Gerard, 1997. "Globalization and the embedded liberalism compromise: The end of an era?," MPIfG Working Paper 97/1, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    7. Berthold, Norbert, 1997. "Der Sozialstaat im Zeitalter der Globalisierung," Beiträge zur Ordnungstheorie und Ordnungspolitik, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen & Walter Eucken Institut, Freiburg, Germany, edition 1, volume 127, number urn:isbn:9783161468513, November.
    8. Frieden, Jeffry A., 2002. "Real Sources of European Currency Policy: Sectoral Interests and European Monetary Integration," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 56(04), pages 831-860, September.
    9. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1997. "Deutschland im Steuerwettbewerb," Munich Reprints in Economics 19833, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    10. Andrew K. Rose, 2000. "One money, one market: the effect of common currencies on trade," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 15(30), pages 7-46, 04.
    11. Kittel, Bernhard & Winner, Hannes, 2002. "How reliable is pooled analysis in political economy? The globalization welfare state nexus revisited," MPIfG Discussion Paper 02/3, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
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