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Verteilungseffekte im Klimaschutz-Prozeß

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  • Schmidt, Holger
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    Abstract

    Das von nahezu allen Ländern der Erde (bei der UNCED-Konferenz in Rio de Janeiro) akzeptierte Ziel des Klimaschutz-Prozesses lautet, ' ... die Stabilisierung der Treibhausgas-Konzentrationen in der Atmosphäre auf einem Niveau zu erreichen, auf dem eine gefährliche anthropogene Störung des Klimasystems verhindert wird. Ein solches Niveau sollte innerhalb eines Zeitraumes erreicht werden, der ausreicht, damit sich die Ökosysteme auf natürliche Weise an die Klimaänderungen anpassen können, die Nahrungsmittelerzeugung nicht bedroht wird und die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung auf nachhaltige Weise fortgeführt werden kann.' (Art. 2 des Rahmenübereinkommens der Vereinten Nationen über Klimaänderungen [Klimarahmenkonvention])1. Seit der Akzeptanz dieses Zieles sind mehr als drei Jahre vergangen, doch im Klimaschutz sind seitdem keine wesentlichen Fortschritte erzielt worden. Trotz überwiegend positiver Absichtserklärungen der beteiligten Länder blieb die 1. Konferenz der Unterzeichnerstaaten der Klimarahmenkonvention in Berlin im Frühjahr 1995 ohne greifbares Ergebnis. Im Gegenteil drängte sich der Eindruck auf, inzwischen gehe vielen Ländern das in Rio de Janeiro ausgehandelte Klimaschutz-Ziel zu weit. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute for Development Economics in its series Discussion Papers in Development Economics with number 18.

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    Date of creation: 1995
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:jluide:18

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    1. James R. Markusen & Edward R. Morey & Nancy Olewiler, 1991. "Environmental Policy When Market Structure and Plant Locations are Endo-genous," NBER Working Papers 3671, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Endogenous Technological Change," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2135, David K. Levine.
    3. Hoel, Michael, 1991. "Global environmental problems: The effects of unilateral actions taken by one country," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 55-70, January.
    4. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 1993. "Endogenous Innovation in the Theory of Growth," NBER Working Papers 4527, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Motta, Massimo & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1994. "Does environmental dumping lead to delocation?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 563-576, April.
    6. Eyckmans, Johan & Proost, Stef & Schokkaert, Erik, 1993. "Efficiency and Distribution in Greenhouse Negotiations," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pages 363-97.
    7. Perroni, Carlo & Rutherford, Thomas F, 1993. " International Trade in Carbon Emission Rights and Basic Materials: General Equilibrium Calculations for 2020," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(3), pages 257-78.
    8. Alan Manne & Richard Richels, 1992. "Buying Greenhouse Insurance: The Economic Costs of CO2 Emission Limits," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026213280x, December.
    9. John Pezzey, 1992. "Analysis of Unilateral CO2 Control in the European Community and OECD," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 159-172.
    10. William R. Cline, 1992. "Economics of Global Warming, The," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 39.
    11. Jorgenson, D.W. & Wilcoxen, P.J., 1991. "Reducing US Carbon Dioxide Emissions: The Cost of Different Goals," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1575, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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