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Arbeitsmarktinstitutionen und die langfristige Entwicklung der Arbeitslosigkeit: Empirische Ergebnisse für 19 OECD-Länder


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  • Rottmann, Horst
  • Flaig, Gebhard


Ein wichtiger Erklärungsfaktor für die Entwicklung der Arbeitslosenquote sind die Institutionen des Arbeitsmarktes. Diese Arbeit zeigt empirische Ergebnisse für verschiedene Paneldaten-Modelle. Gegenüber der bisherigen Literatur unterscheidet sich der Ansatz durch drei Aspekte: 1) Wir verwenden nicht die tatsächliche Arbeitslosenquote oder Mehrjahresdurchschnitte, sondern ihre Trendkomponente. 2) Wir verwenden einen langen Schätzzeitraum von 1960 bis 2000, was gewährleistet, dass genügend Variation der Institutionen innerhalb der einzelnen Länder vorliegt. 3) Wir lassen Variationen der Parameter der Institutionen zwischen den Ländern zu. Es zeigt sich, dass vor allem der Kündigungsschutz, die Lohnersatzrate und der Abgabenkeil signifikante Effekte auf die langfristige Entwicklung der Arbeitslosenquote haben. -- Important explanation factors for the development of the rate of unemployment are labour market institutions. This article presents empirical results for different panel data models. Compared with the current literature our approach differs by three aspects: 1) We do not use the actual rate of unemployment or averages about several years, but her trend component. 2) We use a long estimation period from 1960 to 2000 what guarantees enough variation of the institutions within the single countries. 3) We admit variations of the parameters of the institutions between the countries. It appears that above all the employment protection, labour taxes and the unemployment benefit system have significant effects on the long-term development of the rate of unemployment.

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Paper provided by University of Applied Sciences Amberg-Weiden (OTH) in its series OTH im Dialog: Weidener Diskussionspapiere with number 17.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hawdps:17

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Keywords: Arbeitslosenquote; Arbeitslosigkeit; Arbeitsmarktinstitutionen; Panelschätzungen; internationaler Vergleich; Kündigungsschutz; Lohnersatzrate; Abgabenkeil;

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  1. Blanchard, Olivier & Wolfers, Justin, 2000. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C1-33, March.
  2. Eichhorst, Werner & Feil, Michael & Braun, Christoph, 2008. "What Have We Learned? Assessing Labor Market Institutions and Indicators," IZA Discussion Papers 3470, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Stephen Nickell, 2003. "Labour Market Institutions and Unemployment in OECD Countries," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 1(2), pages 13-26, October.
  4. Gayle Allard, 2005. "Measuring job security over time: in search of a historical indicator for EPL," Working Papers Economia wp05-17, Instituto de Empresa, Area of Economic Environment.
  5. Andrea Bassanini & Romain Duval, 2006. "The determinants of unemployment across OECD countries: Reassessing the role of policies and institutions," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2006(1), pages 7-86.
  6. Gayle Allard, 2005. "Measuring The Changing Generosity Of Unemployment Benefits: Beyond Existing Indicators," Working Papers Economia wp05-18, Instituto de Empresa, Area of Economic Environment.
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