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Gefangen im Dilemma? Ein strategischer Ansatz der Wahl- und Revolutionsteilnahme


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  • Möller, Marie
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    Die Abwahl einer Regierung sowie die Entmachtung eines Diktators per Revolution können daran scheitern, dass kein individueller Teilnahmeanreiz besteht. Als Lösungsmöglichkeit wird ein strategischer Ansatz entwickelt, der zeigt, dass sich die Kollektivgutproblematik bei der Wahlteilnahme als ein N Personen Chicken Game darstellen und sich durch die Einführung von selektiven Anreizen lösen lässt, insofern als dass ein Nash- Gleichgewicht existiert, in dem alle einen individuellen Anreiz zur Teilnahme haben. Bei der Revolutionsteilnahme dagegen besteht ein klassisches N Personen Gefangenendilemma, welches in ein Koordinationsproblem überführt werden kann, allerdings nur, wenn das dabei bestehende First-Mover-Problem gelöst wird. Im Ergebnis ist die Machterhaltungsrestriktion in einer Demokratie bindend, in einer Diktatur dagegen nicht. Der Aufsatz liefert damit eine weitere theoretische Erklärung für die positive Korrelation zwischen Demokratie und Wohlstand, die sich im Querschnittsvergleich zeigt. -- The voting out of a government or the disempowerment of a dictator may fail if there is no incentive for the individual to participate. A strategic approach is developed which shows the election-participation-decision as an N person chicken-game. With the introduction of selective benefits, the problem is solved insofar as there is only one Nash-equilibrium in which everyone participates. The participation in a revolution can be represented as an N per-son prisoner's dilemma, which can be transformed into a coordination problem - though only if the first-mover-problem that arises can be solved. The result of the strategic approach is that the stay-in-power-restriction is mandatory for democratic governments only. Therefore this paper provides one more theoretical explanation for the positive correlation between the de-gree of democracy and prosperity in cross section comparisons.

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    Paper provided by University of Münster, Center for Interdisciplinary Economics (CIW) in its series CIW Discussion Papers with number 3/2011.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ciwdps:32011

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