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Geschlechtsspezifische Verdienstunterschiede und Diskriminierung am Arbeitsmarkt: Eine Untersuchung unter Berücksichtigung von Voll- und Teilzeitarbeit

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  • Franz, Nele
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    Abstract

    Mithilfe linearer Regressionen und einer anschließenden Blinder-Oaxaca-Dekomposition werden Erwerbseinkommensunterschiede zwischen Frauen und Männern im Jahr 2009 untersucht. Dabei werden neben den klassischen Humankapitalindikatoren Ausbildung und Berufserfahrung auch Variablen zum sozialen Hintergrund sowie zur Risikobereitschaft herangezogen. Ziel ist die Zerlegung der Einkommensunterschiede zwischen Männern und Frauen in erklärte und unerklärte Unterschiede und damit eine Annäherung an die Frage, wie viel Verdienstunterschied durch Diskriminierung zustande kommt. Durch die Berücksichtigung von Voll- und Teilzeitarbeit wird der Großteil aller Erwerbstätigen abgedeckt. Es zeigt sich aber auch, dass klassische Humankapitalvariablen und insbesondere die Gründung einer Familie Hauptursache für die Verdienst- und Karriereunterschiede zwischen den Geschlechtern sind. -- Using linear regressions and an Oaxaca/Blinder-decomposition, wage inequalities between men and women in 2009 are analyzed. Along with classic human-capital variables especially individual characteristics and social background information are used as explanatory variables. Since 35% of all employed women and only 4% of all employed men are part-time employed, part-time employment as well as full-time employment is taken into account. The paper argues that the difference can be mainly explained through family building and a gender-specific, traditional allocation of responsibilities within a household. In contrast, direct discrimination seems to be less important for the gender-specific earnings-differences.

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    Paper provided by University of Münster, Center for Interdisciplinary Economics (CIW) in its series CIW Discussion Papers with number 11/2011.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ciwdps:112011

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    Keywords: Oaxaca/Blinder Dekomposition; Diskriminierung; Gender Wage Gap; Oaxaca/Blinder Decomposition; Discrimination;

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    1. Alison L. Booth & Patrick Nolen, 2009. "Gender Differences in Risk Behaviour: Does Nurture Matter?," Economics Discussion Papers 672, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
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    7. Jacob Mincer & Solomon Polacheck, 1974. "Family Investments in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 397-431 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    13. Elke Holst & Anita Wiemer, 2010. "Zur Unterrepräsentanz von Frauen in Spitzengremien der Wirtschaft: Ursachen und Handlungsansätze," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1001, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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