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Information and Opportunistic Behavior in Federal Crop Insurance Programs

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Author Info

  • Cory G. Walters
  • C. Richard Shumway
  • Hayley H. Chouinard
  • Philip R. Wandschneider

    ()
    (School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University)

Abstract

Opportunistic behavior in crop insurance can arise due to asymmetric information between producers and the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation. Producers who insure fields using transitional yields based on county average yields or who select options such as buy-up coverage or revenue insurance may increase their return from crop insurance. Using field-level crop insurance contract data for several crops in five growing regions, we find evidence that producers can profit from using buy-up coverage, revenue insurance, and transitional yields and that the level of producer opportunism is crop but not necessarily land-quality specific and is greater due to premium subsidization.

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File URL: http://faculty.ses.wsu.edu/WorkingPapers/Shumway/CropInsurance_1-23-08_.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University in its series Working Papers with number 2008-9.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wsu:wpaper:shumway-7

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Keywords: opportunistic behavior; crop insurance; buy-up; revenue; transitional yields;

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  1. John C. Quiggin & Giannis Karagiannis & J. Stanton, 1993. "Crop Insurance And Crop Production: An Empirical Study Of Moral Hazard And Adverse Selection," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 37(2), pages 95-113, 08.
  2. Michael J. Roberts & Nigel Key & Erik O'Donoghue, 2006. "Estimating the Extent of Moral Hazard in Crop Insurance Using Administrative Data ," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 28(3), pages 381-390.
  3. Rothschild, Michael & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1976. "Equilibrium in Competitive Insurance Markets: An Essay on the Economics of Imperfect Information," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 630-49, November.
  4. Pierre-André Chiappori & Bernard Salanié, 1997. "Testing for Asymmetric Information in Insurance Markets," Working Papers 97-11, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  5. Ian W. Hardie & Peter J. Parks, 1997. "Land Use with Heterogeneous Land Quality: An Application of an Area Base Model," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 299-310.
  6. Makki, Shiva S. & Somwaru, Agapi, 2001. "Asymmetric Information in the Market for Yield and Revenue Insurance Products," Technical Bulletins 33587, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  7. Vincent H. Smith & Barry K. Goodwin, 1996. "Crop Insurance, Moral Hazard, and Agricultural Chemical Use," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 428-438.
  8. Edwards, William M., 2003. "Actual Production History and Insurance Units for Multiple Peril Crop Insurance," Staff General Research Papers 10267, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  9. Richard E. Just & Linda Calvin & John Quiggin, 1999. "Adverse Selection in Crop Insurance: Actuarial and Asymmetric Information Incentives," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(4), pages 834-849.
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