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Can Indonesia Gain from Log Export Barriers?

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  • Arunanondchai, May
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    Abstract

    We use a model of sequentialduop oly to examine the effect of verticalo wnership structure on firms’ outputs and profit shares in the internationalmark et for raw and processed tropicaltim ber products. The modelpro vides insights that can be applied to the Indonesian logging and plywood industry; shedding light on the appropriate policy responses. We find that when industries are integrated, the government should subsidise both exports. Thus, despite log and plywood being strategic substitutes, log export barriers make Indonesia worse off. When industries are separated, however, plywood exports should be subsidised but the optimal trade policy on log exports depends on two effects. If the commitment failure effect (as in Brander and Spencer (1985)) dominates then log exports should be subsidised, however, if the negative cross-industry effect dominates then log exports should be taxed.

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    File URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/workingpapers/2008/twerp619a.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Warwick, Department of Economics in its series The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) with number 619.

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    Length: 33 pages
    Date of creation: 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wrk:warwec:619

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    Keywords: Trade with imperfect competition ; Verticalin tegration ; Forest products;

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    1. Gérard Gaudet & Ngo Van Long & Antoine Soubeyran, 1999. "Upstream-Downstream Specialization by Integrated Firms in a Partially Integrated Industry," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 321-335, June.
    2. Bulow, Jeremy I & Geanakoplos, John D & Klemperer, Paul D, 1985. "Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(3), pages 488-511, June.
    3. Jones, R.W. & Spencer, B.J., 1989. "Trade And Protection In Vertically Related Markets," RCER Working Papers 195, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    4. Eaton, Jonathan & Grossman, Gene M, 1986. "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy under Oligopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(2), pages 383-406, May.
    5. Greenhut, M L & Ohta, H, 1979. "Vertical Integration of Successive Oligopolists," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 137-41, March.
    6. Brander, James A. & Spencer, Barbara J., 1985. "Export subsidies and international market share rivalry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1-2), pages 83-100, February.
    7. Spencer, Barbara J & Jones, Ronald W, 1991. "Vertical Foreclosure and International Trade Policy," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(1), pages 153-70, January.
    8. Salinger, Michael A, 1988. "Vertical Mergers and Market Foreclosure," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 103(2), pages 345-56, May.
    9. Barbier, E B & Burgess, J C, 2001. " The Economics of Tropical Deforestation," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 413-33, July.
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