Building social capital in French Ã¢â‚¬Å“Poles dÃ¢â‚¬â„¢Excellence RuraleÃ¢â‚¬Â: the Ã¢â‚¬Å“rural excellencyÃ¢â‚¬Â as a modus vivendi for rural development
AbstractABSTRACT. Our paper emphasizes the role of social capital in French Ã¢â‚¬Å“Poles dÃ¢â‚¬â„¢Excellence Rurale (PER). Social capital is considered as highly valuable when considering the development of these particular rural areas. More precisely the French Ã¢â‚¬Å“Poles dÃ¢â‚¬â„¢Excellence RuraleÃ¢â‚¬Â are the perfect example of application of norms and networks that enable collective action and thus create social capital. These PER are functioning on traditional activities and social forms of organization which enables them to be competitive on a specific territory. We propose to develop and interrogate the role of two concepts already described as the major functional mechanism of a PER: a) the Ã¢â‚¬Å“rural excellencyÃ¢â‚¬Â and the Ã¢â‚¬Å“territorial engineeringÃ¢â‚¬Â (Lardon, Pin, 2007) which form one and a single concept related to the spatial diffusion of economic, social and organizational innovation through territorial competition and, b) the concept of Ã‚Â« private-public partnership Ã‚Â», a management project developed by several actors able to develop and use various kinds of social networks. In the first case, the Ã¢â‚¬Å“rural excellencyÃ¢â‚¬Â characterizes the functional core of a PER and is related to the Ã¢â‚¬Å“diffusing effectÃ¢â‚¬Â of specific comparative advantages of economic and social nature. We mention here the governance as one type of Ã¢â‚¬Å“rural excellencyÃ¢â‚¬Â which allows governments to Ã¢â‚¬Å“outsourceÃ¢â‚¬Â some of its welfare functions to local rural communities (Bifarello, 2002). Thus this process is supposed to initiate a competition between different rural territories followed by a selection among the Ã¢â‚¬Å“best territorial engineered territoriesÃ¢â‚¬Â within the process of Ã¢â‚¬Å“territorial engineeringÃ¢â‚¬Â. In the second case, the Ã¢â‚¬Å“private-public partnershipÃ¢â‚¬Â of a PER implies a bottom-up policy involving local communities and actors with a certain democratic legitimacy (TrouvÃƒÂ©, 2009) and thus supporting partnerships between local actors somehow in opposition with government Ã¢â‚¬Å“top-downÃ¢â‚¬Â policies. Our methodology is based on the report entitled Ã¢â‚¬Å“Facteurs de localisation et gouvernance dans les Poles dÃ¢â‚¬â„¢Excellence RuraleÃ¢â‚¬Â developed by CAESAR-AgroSup Dijon, (2009) which emphasize the type of partnership between different actors depending on different Ã¢â‚¬Å“request for proposalsÃ¢â‚¬Â and Ã¢â‚¬Å“expected rural spilloversÃ¢â‚¬Â for each type of PER.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa11p302.
Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria
Web page: http://www.ersa.org
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-11-14 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Duranton, Gilles & Martin, Philippe & Mayer, Thierry & Mayneris, Florian, 2008.
"Les pôles de compétitivité : que peut-on en attendre ?,"
Opuscules du CEPREMAP,
CEPREMAP, number 10.
- Florian Mayneris & Gilles Duranton & Thierry Mayer & Philippe Martin, 2008. "Les pôles de compétitivité : que peut-on en attendre?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6rdpfcd6cas, Sciences Po.
- Jean-Marc Callois & Bertrand Schmitt, 2009. "The role of social capital components on local economic growth: Local cohesion and openness in French rural areas," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 90(3), pages 257-286.
- Maryann Feldman & Johanna Francis & Janet Bercovitz, 2005. "Creating a Cluster While Building a Firm: Entrepreneurs and the Formation of Industrial Clusters," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 129-141.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.