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Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels

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Author Info

  • Francisco Liñán

    ()

  • Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Cohard

    ()

  • José Manuel Rueda-Cantuche

    ()

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is becoming a very relevant instrument to promote economic growth and development in different regional and national economies. However, social scientists have not still agreed on the determinants of the decision to become an entrepreneur. Therefore, there is some concern that policies may not be sufficiently efficient in achieving this objective. From a psychological point of view, the intention to become an entrepreneur has been described as the single best predictor of actual behaviour (Ajzen, 1991; Kolvereid, 1996). Hence, some studies have started to analyse the entrepreneurial intention and its determinants (Krueger et al., 2000) but however, methodologies and research instruments used so far differ widely. Then, the availability of a validated instrument to measure abilities, attitudes and intentions towards entrepreneurship could be of much help. In this paper, we use an Entrepreneurial Intention Questionnaire (EIQ), which has been recently validated, to measure entrepreneurial intentions in a sample of students from different Spanish universities. After a brief description of the characteristics and psychometric properties of the EIQ, most important results are discussed. In particular, we pay attention to the influence of different personal and family variables on the entrepreneurial intention level. These variables could be considered as belonging to the institutional environment of each territory. Differences in institutions -in a broad sense- may be a very relevant factor to explain divergent entrepreneurial activity levels. Results show how these external variables affect intention and, as a result actual entrepreneurial behaviour.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa05p432.

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Date of creation: Aug 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p432

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References

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  1. Ajzen, Icek, 1991. "The theory of planned behavior," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 179-211, December.
  2. Francisco Liñán Alcalde & Juan Carlos Rodríguez Cohard, 2004. "Entrepreneurial attitudes of Andalusian university students," ERSA conference papers ersa04p161, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Joaquín Guzm�n & F. Javier Santos, 2001. "The booster function and the entrepreneurial quality: an application to the province of Seville," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 211-228, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Urve Venesaar & Ene Kolbre & Toomas Piliste, 2006. "Students’ Attitudes and Intentions toward Entrepreneurship at Tallinn University of Technology," Working Papers 154, Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology.
  2. Alessandro Arrighetti & Luca Caricati & Fabio Landini & Nadia Monacelli, 2013. "Explaining entrepreneurial orientation among university students: Evidence from italy," Working Papers 1301, c.MET-05 - Centro interuniversitario di Economia Applicata alle Politiche per L'industria, lo Sviluppo locale e l'Internazionalizzazione.
  3. Francesco Scafarto & Simona Balzano, 2012. "The Role and Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention at University Level: Theoretical Issues and New Empirical Evidence from Italy," DSI Essays Series, DSI - Dipartimento di Studi sull'Impresa, vol. 25.
  4. Jahangir Yadollahi Farsi & Abolghasem Arabiun & Mahmood Moradi, 2012. "The Impact of Opportunity Recognition Skills Training On Entrepreneurial Intention of Female Nursing Students," Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, ScientificPapers.org, vol. 2(4), pages 6, August.
  5. Traikova, Diana, 2013. "Determinants of non-farm entrepreneurial intentions in a transitional context: Evidence from rural Bulgaria," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), volume 72, number 72.

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