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The Earned Income Tax Credit and Reported Self-Employment Income

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Abstract

The Earned Income Tax Credit subsidizes earnings from both the wage sector and the self-employment sector. This paper uses tax return data to investigate how the EITC affects the reporting of self-employment income to the IRS. A difference-in-difference strategy is used, considering three expansions in the EITC and comparing changes across filers with and without children. The expansions are predicted to increase the reporting of self-employment income for those in the phase-in region of the EITC and to reduce the reporting of self-employment income for those in the phase-out region. Among the lowest-income filers, the 1994 EITC expansion is associated with a significant increase in the probability of reporting positive self-employment income, equal to 3.2 percentage points for unmarried filers and 4.1 percentage points for married filers.

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File URL: http://web.williams.edu/Economics/wp/LaLumiaEITCandSelfEmployment.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Williams College in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number 2009-07.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, National Tax Journal, Vol. 62, no. 2, 2009, pp. 191-217.
Handle: RePEc:wil:wileco:2009-07

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Keywords: EITC; self-employment;

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References

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  1. Parker,Simon C., 2006. "The Economics of Self-Employment and Entrepreneurship," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521030632, October.
  2. Bruce D. Meyer & Dan T. Rosenbaum, 2001. "Welfare, The Earned Income Tax Credit, And The Labor Supply Of Single Mothers," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 116(3), pages 1063-1114, August.
  3. Jeffrey B. Liebman, 2000. "Who are the Ineligible EITC Recipients?," JCPR Working Papers 131, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  4. Daniel Feenberg & Elisabeth Coutts, 1993. "An introduction to the TAXSIM model," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(1), pages 189-194.
  5. Nada Eissa & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 1995. "Labor Supply Response to the Earned Income Tax Credit," NBER Working Papers 5158, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Nzinga Broussard & Ralph Chami & Gregory Hess, 2003. "(Why) Do Self-Employed Parents Have More Children?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1103, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Slemrod, Joel, et al, 1997. "April 15 Syndrome," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 35(4), pages 695-709, October.
  8. Bruce, Donald, 2000. "Effects of the United States tax system on transitions into self-employment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 545-574, September.
  9. Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1974. "Income tax evasion: A theoretical analysis," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 201-202, May.
  10. Raj Chetty & Emmanuel Saez, 2013. "Teaching the Tax Code: Earnings Responses to an Experiment with EITC Recipients," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(1), pages 1-31, January.
  11. Eissa, Nada & Hoynes, Hilary Williamson, 2004. "Taxes and the labor market participation of married couples: the earned income tax credit," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(9-10), pages 1931-1958, August.
  12. Julie Berry Cullen & Roger Gordon, 2006. "Tax Reform and Entrepreneurial Activity," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 20, pages 41-72 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. R. Glenn Hubbard & William M. Gentry, 2000. "Tax Policy and Entrepreneurial Entry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 283-287, May.
  14. Blau, David M, 1987. "A Time-Series Analysis of Self-employment in the United State," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(3), pages 445-67, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Samara Potter Gunter, 2010. "State Earned Income Tax Credits and Participation in Regular and Informal Work," Working Papers 1298, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
  2. Gunter, Samara, 2013. "State Earned Income Tax Credits And Participation In Regular And Informal Work," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 66(1), pages 33-62, March.
  3. Emmanuel Saez, 1999. "Do Taxpayers Bunch at Kink Points?," NBER Working Papers 7366, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Singleton, Perry, 2011. "The Effect Of Taxes On Taxable Earnings: Evidence From The 2001 And Related U.S. Federal Tax Acts," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 64(2), pages 323-51, June.

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