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Giving Mom a Break: The Impact of Higher EITC Payments on Maternal Health

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  • William N. Evans
  • Craig L. Garthwaite

Abstract

The 1993 expansions of the Earned Income Tax Credit created the first meaningful separation in the benefit level for families based on the number of children, with families containing two or more children now receiving substantially more in benefits. If income is protective of health, we should see improvements over time in the health for mothers eligible for the EITC with two or more children compared to those with only one child. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey, we find in difference-in-difference models that for low-educated mothers of two or more children, the number of days with poor mental health and the fraction reporting excellent or very good health improved relative to the mothers with only one child. Using data from the National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey, we find evidence that the probability of having risky levels of biomarkers fell for these same low-educated women impacted more by the 1993 expansions, especially biomarkers that indicate inflammation.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16296.

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Date of creation: Aug 2010
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16296

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Cited by:
  1. Hilary W. Hoynes & Douglas L. Miller & David Simon, 2012. "Income, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and Infant Health," NBER Working Papers 18206, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Marianne Bitler & Hilary Hoynes & Elira Kuka, 2014. "Do In-Work Tax Credits Serve as a Safety Net?," NBER Working Papers 19785, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Boyd-Swan, Casey & Herbst, Chris M. & Ifcher, John & Zarghamee, Homa, 2013. "The Earned Income Tax Credit, Health, and Happiness," IZA Discussion Papers 7261, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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