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The consumption-enhancing effect of remittances: Evidence from Kosovo

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  • Laetitia Duval
  • François-Charles Wolff

Abstract

In this paper, we study the effect of remittances on the living standard of families living in Kosovo using detailed data conducted in 2010 on a sample of 4,000 households. Specifically, we focus on the impact of these transfers on welfare proxied by per capita consumption expenditure at various locations of the consumption distribution. Drawing on quantile regressions, we find that remittances significantly improve the living standard of the recipient households. The benefit of remittances is much higher among households characterized by low levels of consumption, especially when the possible endogeneity of remittances is taken into account in the estimation. Finally, we show that the positive impact of remittances on consumption has remained constant between 2000 and 2010.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw in its series wiiw Balkan Observatory Working Papers with number 107.

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Date of creation: Jan 2013
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Publication status: Published as wiiw Balkan Observatory Working Paper
Handle: RePEc:wii:bpaper:107

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Keywords: Remittances; consumption; poverty; inequality; Kosovo;

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References

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  1. Adams Jr., Richard H. & Cuecuecha, Alfredo, 2010. "Remittances, Household Expenditure and Investment in Guatemala," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 1626-1641, November.
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  7. Alberto Abadie & Joshua Angrist & Guido Imbens, 1999. "Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Effect of Subsidized Training on the Quantiles of Trainee Earnings," Working papers 99-16, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  8. Samir Jahjah & Ralph Chami & Connel Fullenkamp, 2003. "Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development," IMF Working Papers 03/189, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521845731.
  10. HwaJung Choi, 2007. "Are Remittances Insurance? Evidence from Rainfall Shocks in the Philippines," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 219-248, May.
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  12. Agarwal, Reena & Horowitz, Andrew W., 2002. "Are International Remittances Altruism or Insurance? Evidence from Guyana Using Multiple-Migrant Households," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(11), pages 2033-2044, November.
  13. José Mata & José A. F. Machado, 2005. "Counterfactual decomposition of changes in wage distributions using quantile regression," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 445-465.
  14. Markus Frolich & Blaise Melly, 2010. "Estimation of quantile treatment effects with Stata," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 10(3), pages 423-457, September.
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  17. Sergio Firpo, 2004. "Efficient Semiparametric Estimation of Quantile Treatment Effects," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 605, Econometric Society.
  18. Adams, Richard Jr. & Page, John, 2005. "Do international migration and remittances reduce poverty in developing countries?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1645-1669, October.
  19. Cristina Cattaneo, 2010. "Migrants’ International Transfers and Educational Expenditure: Empirical Evidence from Albania," Working Papers 2010.1, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  20. Funkhouser, Edward, 1995. "Remittances from International Migration: A Comparison of El Salvador and Nicaragua," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 77(1), pages 137-46, February.
  21. Laetitia Duval & Francois-Charles Wolff�, 2010. "Remittances matter: longitudinal evidence from Albania," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 73-97.
  22. Maitra, Pushkar & Ray, Ranjan, 2003. "The effect of transfers on household expenditure patterns and poverty in South Africa," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 23-49, June.
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