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Privatization Versus Competition: Changing Enterprise Behavior in Russia

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  • John S. Earle
  • Saul Estrin

Abstract

We investigate whether competitive forces and privatization have yet began to play an efficiency-enhancing role in Russia. We also explore the economic effects of harder budget constraints on enterprise behavior. The empirical work is based on a large enterprise panel of Russian firms 1990-94, representing around 10% of Russian manufacturing output. We conclude that privatization is having an impact on enterprise efficiency and restructuring but domestic market structure and harder budget constraints for the most part are not. Intriguingly, Russian firms are found to be sensitive to the degree of import penetration.

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File URL: http://www.wdi.umich.edu/files/Publications/WorkingPapers/wp70.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number 70.

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Length: pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:1997-70

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Keywords: privatization; competition; economic transition;

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References

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  1. Esposito, Louis & Esposito, Frances Ferguson, 1971. "Foreign Competition and Domestic Industry Profitability," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(4), pages 343-53, November.
  2. Saunders, Ronald, 1980. "The Determinants of Productivity in Canadian Manufacturing Industries," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(2), pages 167-84, December.
  3. Kwoka, John E, Jr, 1981. "Does the Choice of Concentration Measure Really Matter?," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(4), pages 445-53, June.
  4. Sleuwaegen, Leo E & Dehandschutter, Wim V, 1986. "The Critical Choice between the Concentration Ratio and the H-Index in Assessing Industry Performance," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(2), pages 193-208, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Yurii Perevalov & Ilya Gimadii & Vladimir Dobrodei, 2000. "Does Privatisation Improve Performance of Industrial Enterprises? Empirical Evidence from Russia," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 337-363.
  2. Irina Akimova & Gerhard Schwödiauer, 2000. "Restructuring Ukrainian enterprises after privatization: Does ownership matter?," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 28(1), pages 48-59, March.
  3. Claessens, Stijn & Djankov, Simeon, 1999. "Ownership Concentration and Corporate Performance in the Czech Republic," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2145, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Alan Bevan & Saul Estrin & Mark E. Schaffer, 1999. "Determinants of Enterprise Performance during Transition," CERT Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University 9903, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
  5. Brown, J David & Earle, John S, 2001. "Privatization, Competition and Reform Strategies: Theory and Evidence from Russian Enterprise Panel Data," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2758, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Manuela Angelucci & Saul Estrin & Jozef Konings & Zbigniew Zolkiewski, 2002. "The Effect of Ownership and Competitive Pressure on Firm Performance in Transition Countries: Micro Evidence from Bulgaria, Romania and Poland," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan 434, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  7. Alexander Pivovarsky, 2001. "How Does Privatization Work? Ownership Concentration and Enterprise Performance in Ukraine," IMF Working Papers 01/42, International Monetary Fund.
  8. J. David Brown & John S. Earle, 2000. "Competition and Firm Performance: Lessons from Russia," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan 296, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  9. Blinova Tatiana & Rusanovsky Victor, 2002. "Economic Policy, Industrial Structure, and Unemployment in Russia's Regions," EERC Working Paper Series 01-06e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
  10. Stefan Bojnec & Ana Xavier, 2004. "Entry and exit in transition economies: the Slovenian manufacturing sector," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(2), pages 191-214.
  11. Irina Akimova & Gerhard Schwödiauer, 1999. "Restructuring of Ukrainian Enterprises after Privatization: Does Ownership Structure Matter?," Industrial Organization, EconWPA 9903003, EconWPA.
  12. Blinova, Tatiana & Rusanovsky, Victor, 2002. "Economic policy and unemployment in Russia´s regions," ERSA conference papers ersa02p234, European Regional Science Association.
  13. Blinova, Tatiana V., 2002. "Rural Development and Unemployment Reduction," 2002 International Congress, August 28-31, 2002, Zaragoza, Spain, European Association of Agricultural Economists 24821, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  14. Helena Hannula, 2001. "Restructuring of the Estonian economy and the role of FDIs in it," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia), in: Foreign Direct Investments in the Estonian Economy, volume 9, chapter 3, pages 91-174 Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
  15. Helena Hannula & Katrin Tamm, 2002. "Restructuring And Efficiency In The Estonian Manufacturing Industry: The Role Of Foreign Ownership," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia) 15, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia), revised 2003.
  16. Alexander Eickelpasch & Tatjana Ribakova, 1997. "Restructuring and Competition Strategies of Privatised Enterprises in East Germany: What Lessons for Russia?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 157, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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