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Lasting welfare effects of widowhood in a poor country

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  • van de Walle, Dominique

Abstract

Little is known about the situation facing widows and their dependent children in West Africa especially after the widow remarries. Women in Malian society are vulnerable to the loss of husbands especially in rural areas. Households headed by widows have significantly lower living standards on average than male or other female headed households in both rural and urban areas; this holds both unconditionally and conditional on observable household and individual characteristics including age. Furthermore, the adverse welfare effects of widowhood appear to persist even after widows are absorbed into male headed households. An examination of individual measures of well-being further reveals that, relative to other women, worse outcomes for ever-widowed women persist through remarriage. These detrimental effects are passed on to children, indicating an intergenerational transmission of poverty stemming from widowhood.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5734.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5734

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Related research

Keywords: Gender and Law; Population Policies; Gender and Development; Population&Development; Anthropology;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Emla Fitzsimons & Alice Mesnard, 2012. "How children's schooling and work are affected when their father leaves permanently: evidence from Colombia," IFS Working Papers W12/04, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00948098 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Sylvie Lambert & Pauline Rossi, 2014. "Sons as Widowhood Insurance: Evidence from Senegal," PSE Working Papers halshs-00948098, HAL.
  4. van de Walle, Dominique, 2013. "Lasting Welfare Effects of Widowhood in Mali," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1-19.
  5. Shelley Clark & Dana Hamplová, 2013. "Single Motherhood and Child Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Life Course Perspective," Demography, Springer, vol. 50(5), pages 1521-1549, October.

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