Lasting welfare effects of widowhood in a poor country
AbstractLittle is known about the situation facing widows and their dependent children in West Africa especially after the widow remarries. Women in Malian society are vulnerable to the loss of husbands especially in rural areas. Households headed by widows have significantly lower living standards on average than male or other female headed households in both rural and urban areas; this holds both unconditionally and conditional on observable household and individual characteristics including age. Furthermore, the adverse welfare effects of widowhood appear to persist even after widows are absorbed into male headed households. An examination of individual measures of well-being further reveals that, relative to other women, worse outcomes for ever-widowed women persist through remarriage. These detrimental effects are passed on to children, indicating an intergenerational transmission of poverty stemming from widowhood.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5734.
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Gender and Law; Population Policies; Gender and Development; Population&Development; Anthropology;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2011-08-09 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2011-08-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2011-08-09 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2011-08-09 (Development)
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