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Observable and Unobservable Household Sharing Rules: Evidence from Young Couples' Pocket Money

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  • Lee, Jungmin

    ()
    (Sogang University)

Abstract

The leading evidence against the unitary household models is that "who gets what" is significantly dependent upon "who earns how much." However, it is difficult to pin down the causal effect of relative earnings on intra-household resource allocation because households jointly decide both labor supply and consumption. I utilize longitudinal data to analyze the spouse's individual budgets – "pocket money." This unique data set allows for the specification of the simultaneous process of household decision-making in a fully stochastic fashion. By doing this, it is possible to differentiate unobserved spousal bargaining power from heterogeneity at the household level. The results imply that the balance of power between spouses is stable over time and robust to transitory changes in relative earnings. Public policies targeting the disadvantaged within households should be designed and implemented on the long-term basis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1250.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published under revised title in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2007, 55 (3), 557-582
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1250

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Keywords: bargaining power; collective household models; intrahousehold resource allocation;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Hamermesh, Daniel S. & Slemrod, Joel, 2005. "The Economics of Workaholism: We Should Not Have Worked on This Paper," IZA Discussion Papers 1680, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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