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Is low coverage of modern infrastructure services in African cities due to lack of demand or lack of supply ?

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  • Wodon, Quentin
  • Banerjee, Sudeshna
  • Diallo, Amadou Bassirou
  • Foster, Vivien

Abstract

A majority of sub-Saharan Africa’s population is not connected to electricity and piped water networks, and even in urban areas coverage is low. Lack of network coverage may be due to demand or supply-side factors. Some households may live in areas where access to piped water and electricity is feasible, but may not be able to pay for those services. Other households may be able to afford the services, but may live too far from the electric line or water pipe to have a choice to be connected to it. Given that the policy options for dealing with demand as opposed to supply-side issues are fairly different, it is important to try to measure the contributions of both types of factors in preventing better coverage of infrastructure services in the population. This paper shows how this can be done empirically using household survey data and provides results on the magnitude of both types of factors in explaining the coverage deficit of piped water and electricity services in urban areas for a large sample of African countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4881.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4881

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Keywords: Currencies and Exchange Rates; Economic Theory&Research; Geographical Information Systems; Markets and Market Access;

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  1. Angel-Urdinola, Diego & Cosgrove-Davies, Malcolm & Wodon, Quentin, 2006. "Rwanda: Electricity Tariff Reform," MPRA Paper 9044, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Kristin Komives & Vivien Foster & Jonathan Halpern & Quentin Wodon, 2005. "Water, Electricity, and the Poor : Who Benefits from Utility Subsidies?," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6361, October.
  3. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:9:y:2007:i:4:p:1-7 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Banerjee, Sudeshna & Diallo, Amadou & Wodon, Quentin, 2007. "Measuring trends in access to modern infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa: Results from Demographic and Health Surveys," MPRA Paper 10485, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Komives, Kristin & Whittington, Dale & Wu, Xun, 2001. "Infrastructure coverage and the poor : the global perspective," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2551, The World Bank.
  6. Estache, Antonio, 2004. "Emerging infrastructure policy issues in developing countries - a survey of the recent economic literature," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3442, The World Bank.
  7. Kayaga, Sam & Franceys, Richard, 2007. "Costs of urban utility water connections: Excessive burden to the poor," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 270-277, December.
  8. Diego Angel-Urdinola & Quentin Wodon, 2007. "Do Utility Subsidies Reach the Poor? Framework and Evidence for Cape Verde, Sao Tome, and Rwanda," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 9(4), pages 1-7.
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