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Transforming natural resource wealth into sustained growth and poverty reduction : a conceptual framework for Sub-Saharan African oil exporting countries

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  • Toto Same, Achille
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    Abstract

    Oil and mineral revenues raise national savings and hence facilitate investment, capital accumulation, and sustained growth; thus, there are benefits of owning large natural resources. There can be a significant spillover effect from the oil sector to the non-oil sector particularly if governments are committed to bridge the infrastructure gap and promote the non-oil economy and foremost the non-oil tradable sector. Consequently, the capacity for coordinated policy formulation and execution is fundamental as well as sound windfall management mechanisms and institutions. This conceptual framework uses the case of Indonesia and the example of Norway to argue that the resource paradox is avoidable. Abundance should not be a curse, but rather a blessing for Sub-Saharan Africa's oil and mineral exporting countries. The country context and political economy matter a great deal but should not be the main driving forces behind windfall management, to avoid excessive rent-seeking activities, inefficiency, and wasteful spending. The EITI++ implementation can contribute to make a difference, mostly through capacity building, implementation assistance, and coordination support.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4852.

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    Date of creation: 01 Mar 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4852

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    Keywords: Economic Theory&Research; Debt Markets; Currencies and Exchange Rates; Access to Finance;

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    1. Xavier Sala-i-Martin & Arvind Subramanian, 2003. "Addressing the natural resource curse: An illustration from Nigeria," Discussion Papers, Columbia University, Department of Economics 0203-15, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
    2. Arvind Subramanian & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2003. "Addressing the Natural Resource Curse," IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund 03/139, International Monetary Fund.
    3. James A. Robinson & Ragnar Torvik & Thierry Verdier, 2003. "Politcal Foundations of the Resource Curse," DELTA Working Papers, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) 2003-33, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
    4. Budina, Nina & Pang, Gaobo & van Wijnbergen, Sweder, 2007. "Nigeria's growth record : Dutch disease or debt overhang ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 4256, The World Bank.
    5. H. Takizawa & E. H. Gardner & Kenichi Ueda, 2004. "Are Developing Countries Better off Spending their Oil Wealth Upfront?," IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund 04/141, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Warner, Andrew M., 1999. "The big push, natural resource booms and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 43-76, June.
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