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Location, concentration, and performance of economic activity in Brazil

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  • Lall, Somik V.
  • Funderburg, Richard
  • Yepes, Tito

Abstract

What are the prospects for economic development in lagging sub-national regions? What are the roles of public infrastructure investments and fiscal incentives in influencing the location and performance of industrial activity? To examine these questions, the authors estimate a spatial profit function for industrial activity in Brazil that explicitly incorporates infrastructure improvements and fiscal incentives in the cost structure of individual firms. The authors use firm level data from the 2001 annual industrial survey along with spatially disaggregated regional data and find that there are considerable cost savings from being located in areas with relatively lower transport costs to reach large markets. In comparison, fiscal incentives, such as tax expenditures, have modest effects in terms of influencing firm level costs. Although the results suggest that firms benefit from being in locations with good access to markets, the authors do not suggest that improving interregional connectivity would necessarily assist lagging regions. In the short run, improving interregional connectivity implicitly reduces a natural tariff barrier so firms currently serving large markets and benefiting from economies of scale can more easily expand into new markets in competition with local producers. Therefore, producers in the leading regions can crowd out local producers, which would be detrimental for local production and employment in the lagging region.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3268.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3268

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Keywords: Decentralization; Economic Theory&Research; Banks&Banking Reform; Environmental Economics&Policies; Water and Industry; Environmental Economics&Policies; Water and Industry; Banks&Banking Reform; Economic Theory&Research; Municipal Financial Management;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Almeida, Rita & Carneiro, Pedro, 2009. "Enforcement of labor regulation and firm size," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 28-46, March.
  2. Stephane Straub, 2008. "Infrastructure and Growth in Developing Countries: Recent Advances and Research Challenges," ESE Discussion Papers 179, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
  3. Zheng, Jianghuai & Gao, Yanyan, 2009. "The nature of economic development zones in China:an empirical study based on data from the Yangtze River Delta," MPRA Paper 33141, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Gilles Duranton, 2007. "From cities to productivity and growth in developing countries," Working Papers tecipa-306, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  5. Lall, Somik V. & Chakravorty, Sanjoy, 2004. "Industrial Location and Spatial Inequality: Theory and Evidence from India," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  6. Zheng, Jianghuai & Gao, Yanyan & Hu, Xiaowen, 2008. "企业“扎堆”、技术升级与经济绩效 ——对中国开发区产业集聚的性质及其变迁的实证分析
    [Firm Concentration, Technology Promotion and Economic Performance: An Empi
    ," MPRA Paper 8917, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Mardukhi, Jian, 2010. "The General Equilibrium Wage Impact of Trade-Induced Shifts in Industrial Compositions of Employment in Brazilian Cities, 1991-2000," MPRA Paper 25916, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Chomitz, Kenneth M. & da Mata, Daniel & de Carvalho, Alexandre Ywata & Magalhaes, Joao Carlos, 2005. "Spatial dynamics of labor markets in Brazil," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3752, The World Bank.
  9. Carvalho, Alexandre & Lall, Somik V. & Timmins, Christopher, 2006. "Regional subsidies and industrial prospects of lagging regions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3843, The World Bank.
  10. Fally, Thibault & Paillacar, Rodrigo & Terra, Cristina, 2010. "Economic geography and wages in Brazil: Evidence from micro-data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 155-168, January.

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