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National Industry Cluster Templates: A Framework for Applied Regional Cluster Analysis

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  • Edward Feser
  • Edward Bergman

Abstract

FESER E. J. and BERGMAN E. M. (2000) National industry cluster templates: a framework for applied regional cluster analysis, Reg. Studies 34, 1-19. A growing number of cities, states and regions in Europe, North America and elsewhere are designing development strategies around strategic clusters of industries. In many cases, a lack of data on local and interregional industrial linkages, shared business institutions, channels of technology and knowledge transfer, and other dimensions of the cluster concept means that relatively simple measures (location quotients, industry size) are often used to initially detect clusters in subnational regions. In this paper, we suggest a means of using available information on national interindustry linkages to identify potential clusters in subnational areas. Specifically, we derive a set of 23 US manufacturing clusters and employ them as templates in an illustrative analysis of the manufacturing sector in a single US state. The template clusters help detect gaps and specializations in extended product chains and therefore constitute a useful first step in more comprehensive examinations of local cluster patterns. FESER E. J. et BERGMAN E. M. (2000) Des gabarits de grappes d'industries d'envergure nationale: un cadre pour l'analyse appliquee des grappes a l'echelon regional, Reg. Studies 34, 1-19. De plus en plus nombreux sont les villes, les etats et les regions en Europe, en Amerique du Nord et ailleurs qui mettent au point des strategies de developpement visant des grappes d'industries cle. Dans beaucoup des cas, le manque de donnees sur le maillage industriel local et interregional, le partenariat commercial, les canaux de transfert de la technologie et de l'apprentissage, et autres dimensions de la notion de grappes, signifient que des mesures relativement simples (quotient de localisation, taille de l'industrie) se voient employer souvent afin de decouvrir dans un premier temps des grappes sur le plan regional. Cet article avance un moyen d'employer les donnees disponibles sur le maillage intersectoriel national pour identifier des grappes eventuelles sur le plan regional. Plus particulierement, on emploie un ensemble de vingt-trois grappes industrielles aux Etats-Unis comme gabarits pour analyser a titre d'exemple le secteur industriel dans un seul etat aux Etats-Unis. Les gabarits aident a decouvrir les creneaux et les specialisations des chaines de produits elargies et constituent ainsi une premiere demarche dans l'examen plus approfondi de la distribution locale des grappes. FESER E. J. und BERGMAN E. M. (2000) Schablonen fur Kluster der Landesindustrie: ein Grundgerust fur angewandte Regionalklusteranalyse, Reg. Studies 34, 1-19. Eine wachsende Anzahl von Stadten, Regionen und Staaten in Europa, Nordamerika und anderen Orten entwerfen Entwicklungsstrategien, die strategische Kluster von Industrien zum Mittelpunkt haben. In vielen Fallen fuhrt Mangel an Information uber ortliche und unterregionale Industrieverbindungen, uber gemeinsam benutzte geschaftliche Institutionen, Wege der Technologie-und Wissensvermittlung sowie anderer Dimensionen des Klusterkonzepts dazu, dass relativ einfache Massnahmen (Standortquotienten, Industriegrosse) benutzt werden, um anfangs Kluster auf teilstaatlicher Ebene uberhaupt zu entdecken. In diesem Aufsatz wird ein Mittel zur Nutzung vorhandener Information betreff staatlicher. Interindustrieller Verknupfungen vorgeschlagen, um potentielle Kluster in staatlichen Teilgebieten zu identifizieren. Um prazise zu sein: es wird ein Satz von 23 Klustern der herstellenden Industrie in den Vereinigten Staaten erstellt, und als Schablone in einer illustrativen Analyse des Sektors der herstellenden Industrie in nur einem Staat der Vereinigten Staaten angewandt. Die Schablonenkluster tragen dazu bei, Lucken und Spezialisierung in erweiterten Produktketten ausfindig zu machen, und stellen deshalb einen nutzlichen ersten Schritt bei der umfassenderen Untersuchung ortlicher Klustermuster dar.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-19

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:1:p:1-19

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Related research

Keywords: Industry Clusters; Input-OUTPUT Analysis; Linkages;

References

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  1. S O Park & A Markusen, 1995. "Generalizing new industrial districts: a theoretical agenda and an application from a non-Western economy," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(1), pages 81-104, January.
  2. Imrie, R & Morris, J, 1992. "A review of recent changes in buyer-supplier relations," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 20(5-6), pages 641-652.
  3. Meyer-Stamer, Jorg, 1995. "Micro-level innovations and competitiveness," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 143-148, January.
  4. Paul D. Ballew & Robert H. Schnorbus, 1994. "Realignment in the auto supplier industry: the rippling effects of Big Three restructuring," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Jan, pages 2-9.
  5. Peter B. Doeringer & David G. Terkla, 1995. "Business Strategy and Cross-Industry Clusters," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 9(3), pages 225-237, August.
  6. Thomas H. Klier, 1994. "The impact of lean manufacturing on sourcing relationships," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Jul, pages 8-18.
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