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Location of R&D and High-Tech Production by Vertically Integrated Multinationals

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Author Info

  • Ekholm, Karolina

    ()
    (Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Hakkala, Katariina

    ()
    (The Research Institute of Industrial Economics)

Abstract

This paper presents evidence that, in Europe, production of high-tech goods is attracted to large markets, while R&D activities tend to be located away from them. In order to explain this phenomenon, we develop a two-country general equilibrium model where firms make separate choices about the location of R&D and high-tech production. There are two agglomeration forces: R&D spillovers and a home-market effect creating incentives for firms to locate production in the relatively large market. We show that, for relatively weak R&D spillovers and intermediate trade costs, the smaller economy tends to specialize in R&D. We also discuss the welfare consequences of different outcomes with respect to the location of R&D, showing that while skilled labor may gain from hosting an agglomeration of R&D activities, unskilled labor will lose.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute of Industrial Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 616.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: 26 Apr 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0616

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Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
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Keywords: Monopolistic Competition; R&D; High-Tech Production; Agglomeration Economies;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Bandick, Roger & Görg, Holger & Karpaty, Patrik, 2010. "Foreign Acquisitions, Domestic Multinationals, and R&D," IZA Discussion Papers 5252, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Karpaty, Patrik & Tingvall, Patrik Gustavsson, 2011. "Offshoring and Home Country R&D," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 254, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  3. Griffith, Rachel & Macartney, Gareth, 2010. "Employment Protection Legislation, Multinational Firms and Innovation," CEPR Discussion Papers 7628, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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