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Housekeeping and plumbing - the investability of emerging markets

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  • Ladekarl, Jeppe
  • Zervos, Sara
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    Abstract

    The authors look at the investment allocation process employed by portfolio investors in emerging markets. In particular, they examine the first of a two-stage decision process: first, investors create a subset of countries with investments potential, to be analyzed later in further detail; second, they weigh expected returns versus risk and subsequently allocate their funds. The authors hypothesize that the determination of whether a country has potential investment opportunities, or not is influenced by a number of factors, especially related to size, quality of"housekeeping,"(macroeconomic policies, political economy, local financial markets, corporate governance, and so on), and efficiency of"plumbing"(legal and regulatory framework, custody, clearing and settlement, taxes, and so on). By interviewing many types of these investors in both the United States and the United Kingdom, the authors delve into their decision-making processes, as well as attempt to uncover the factors they indicate, matter most in defining the"investment opportunities"universe. They determine the relative importance of such housekeeping, and plumbing factors while highlighting the role of external issues, such as index benchmarking and U.S. foreign policy. The authors recognize from the outset that the most profound effects on investment flows, or the required minimum expected returns, arise from improvements or deteriorations in macroeconomic policies. However, at the margin, improvements can be made in country policies that will, for a given macroeconomic situation, improve the ability of a country to attract international investment flows.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3229.

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    Date of creation: 01 Mar 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3229

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    Related research

    Keywords: Payment Systems&Infrastructure; International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Financial Intermediation; International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Financial Intermediation; Banks&Banking Reform;

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    1. Choe, Hyuk & Kho, Bong-Chan & Stulz, Rene M., 1999. "Do foreign investors destabilize stock markets? The Korean experience in 1997," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 227-264, October.
    2. Poonam Gupta & James P. F. Gordon, 2003. "Portfolio Flows Into India," IMF Working Papers 03/20, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Aggarwal, Reena & Klapper, Leora & Wysocki, Peter D., 2005. "Portfolio preferences of foreign institutional investors," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(12), pages 2919-2946, December.
    4. Brennan, Michael J & Cao, H Henry, 1997. " International Portfolio Investment Flows," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(5), pages 1851-80, December.
    5. Bekaert, G. & Harvey, C. R. & Lumsdaine, R. L., 2002. "The dynamics of emerging market equity flows," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 295-350, June.
    6. Jessica Tjornhom Donohue & Kenneth A. Froot, 2002. "The Persistence of Emerging Market Equity Flows," NBER Working Papers 9241, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R, 1995. " Time-Varying World Market Integration," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(2), pages 403-44, June.
    8. Kaminsky, Graciela & Lyons, Richard & Schmukler, Sergio, 2001. "Mutual fund investment in emerging markets - an overview," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2529, The World Bank.
    9. Bohn, Henning & Tesar, Linda L, 1996. "U.S. Equity Investment in Foreign Markets: Portfolio Rebalancing or Return Chasing?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 77-81, May.
    10. Shang-Jin Wei & Gaston Gelos, 2002. "Transparency and International Investor Behavior," IMF Working Papers 02/174, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Bekaert, Geert, 1995. "Market Integration and Investment Barriers in Emerging Equity Markets," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 9(1), pages 75-107, January.
    12. Geert Bekaert & Campbell R. Harvey, 2000. "Capital Flows and the Behavior of Emerging Market Equity Returns," NBER Chapters, in: Capital Flows and the Emerging Economies: Theory, Evidence, and Controversies, pages 159-194 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:
    1. Friedman, Felice B. & Grose, Claire, 2006. "Promoting access to primary equity markets : a legal and regulatory approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3892, The World Bank.
    2. Groh, Alexander Peter & Wich, Matthias, 2012. "Emerging economies' attraction of foreign direct investment," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 210-229.
    3. Augusto de la Torre & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2007. "Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization : The Latin American Experience," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7187.

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