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Income-related biases in international trade : what do trademark registration data tell us?

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  • Carsten Fink
  • Javorcik,Beata
  • Mariana Spatareanu

Abstract

Economists have long recognized that richer countries trade more among themselves than with poorer economies due to a closer match of exporter supply structures and importer preferences. In the literature, the closeness of supply and demand has traditionally been determined by the quality of products-as expressed in the so-called Linder hypothesis. This paper examines an extension of the Linder hypothesis by also considering the extent of horizontal product differentiation as another determinant of the closeness of supply and demand. The empirical analysis employs information on international trademark registrations to test whether richer countries import more from countries whose exports are of higher quality and exhibit a greater degree of product differentiation. The results lend support to the hypothesis in most consumer goods sectors but not in intermediate goods sectors.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3150.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3150

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Keywords: Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Transport and Trade Logistics; Markets and Market Access; Common Carriers Industry; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Access to Markets; Markets and Market Access; TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT;

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Cited by:
  1. Dhakal, Dharmendra & Pradhan, Gyan & Upadhyaya, Kamal P., 2011. "ÔÇťAnother Empirical Look at the Theory of Overlapping Demands - Un altro sguardo empirico alla teoria delle overlapping demands," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio di Genova, vol. 64(1), pages 103-113.
  2. Baroncelli, Eugenia & Krivonos, Ekaterina & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2004. "Trademark protection or protectionism?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3214, The World Bank.
  3. Eugenia Baroncelli & Carsten Fink & Beata Smarzynska Javorcik, 2005. "The Global Distribution of Trademarks: Some Stylised Facts," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(6), pages 765-782, 06.

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