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The global distribution of trademarks - some stylized facts

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  • Baroncelli, Eugenia
  • Kink, Carsten
  • Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata

Abstract

Trademarks are words, signs, symbols, or combinations thereof that identify goods as manufactured by a particular person or a company, therefore allowing consumers to distinguish between goods originating in different sources. Trademarks belong to the wider family of intellectual property rights (IPRs), and once registered benefit from legal protection against unauthorized use by entities other than the legal owner. While some suggest that cross-border registrations of IPRs may be associated with welfare transfers from developing to industrial countries, surprisingly little is known about an important component of the global IPR system, namely, the worldwide distribution of trademark registrations. This study provides the first step in filling this gap in the literature. Its purpose is to present some new stylized facts which emerge from the analysis of a dataset compiled by the authors based on the statistical information published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Questions of interest include the distribution of trademarks between countries of different income levels, the share of trademark registrations accounted for by foreign residents and its variation across different income groups, the extent to which poor countries participate in the international trademark system, and the distribution of registrations across different sectors of the economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3270.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2004
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3270

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Keywords: Environmental Economics&Policies; Fiscal&Monetary Policy; Payment Systems&Infrastructure; Economic Theory&Research; Income; Economic Theory&Research; Income; Environmental Economics&Policies; Fiscal&Monetary Policy; Health Economics&Finance;

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  1. Braga, C.A.P. & Fink, C. & Sepulveda, C.P., 2000. "Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Development," World Bank - Discussion Papers, World Bank 412, World Bank.
  2. Carsten Fink & Beata Smarzynska Javorcik & Mariana Spatareanu, 2005. "Income-Related Biases in International Trade: What Do Trademark Registration Data Tell Us?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 141(1), pages 79-103, April.
  3. Landes, William M & Posner, Richard A, 1987. "Trademark Law: An Economic Perspective," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 30(2), pages 265-309, October.
  4. repec:rus:hseeco:123679 is not listed on IDEAS
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Cited by:
  1. Anders, Sven & Caswell, Julie A., 2009. "The Benefits and Costs of Proliferation of Geographical Labeling for Developing Countries," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 10(1).
  2. Travis J. Lybbert & Nikolas J. Zolas & Prantik Bhattacharyya, 2014. "An "Algorithmic Links with Probabilities" Concordance for Trademarks For Disaggregated Analysis of Trademark and Economic Data," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division 14, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division.
  3. Carsten Fink & Beata Smarzynska Javorcik & Mariana Spatareanu, 2005. "Income-Related Biases in International Trade: What Do Trademark Registration Data Tell Us?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 141(1), pages 79-103, April.
  4. Baroncelli, Eugenia & Krivonos, Ekaterina & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2004. "Trademark protection or protectionism?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3214, The World Bank.
  5. Haskel, J & Corrado, C & Jona-Lasinio, C & Iommi, M, 2013. "Innovation and intangible investment in Europe, Japan and the US," Working Papers, Imperial College, London, Imperial College Business School 11139, Imperial College, London, Imperial College Business School.
  6. Ramello, Giovanni B., 2008. "Semiotica, diritto e mercato. Economia del marchio nel terzo millenio," POLIS Working Papers, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS 102, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
  7. Nikolas Zolas & Travis J. Lybbert & Prantik Bhattacharyya, 2013. "An ‘Algorithmic Links With Probabilities’ Concordance For Trademarks: For Disaggregated Analysis Of Trademark & Economic Data," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 13-49, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.

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