Malnutrition and poverty in Guatemala
AbstractThe objective of this paper is to document the extent, and distribution of child, and adult malnutrition in Guatemala; to analyze the relationship between selected child, maternal, household and community characteristics, and children's nutritional status; and, to outline the implications of the most important findings for nutritional policy. The prevalence of chronic malnutrition among Guatemalan children in 2000, was the highest in Latin America, and among the highest in the world. The data show very strong socioeconomic, and geographic inequality. The econometric analysis reveals a strong impact of income, and of inter-generational effects. Education of adults in the household, and the availability of infrastructure, are other important determinants of children's growth attainment. Finally, even controlling for income, and other household and community characteristics, ethnicity remains an important determinant of child nutritional status. The study also reveals an increasing prevalence of excess weights, and obesity among children and adults. Over-nutrition tends to be higher among individuals living in urban areas, and among non-poor, and non-indigenous households.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2967.
Date of creation: 31 Jan 2003
Date of revision:
Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Early Child and Children's Health; Primary Education; Public Health Promotion; Early Childhood Development; Early Childhood Development; Youth and Governance; Nutrition; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Early Child and Children's Health;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-08-16 (All new papers)
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