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Climate Change, Tourism and Water Resources in the Mediterranean:a General Equilibrium Analysis

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  • Roberto Roson

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari)

  • Martina Sartori

    (University of Milan)

Abstract

This paper presents and discusses some quantitative results obtained in assessing the economic impact of variations in tourism flows, induced by climate change, for some Mediterranean countries. Estimates by a regional climate model are used to build a Tourism Climate Index, which indicates the suitability of climate, in certain locations, for general outdoor activities. As climate change is expected to affect a number of variables like temperature, wind and precipitations, it will have consequences on the degree of attractiveness of touristic destinations. We estimate the macroeconomic consequences of changing tourism flows by means of a computable general equilibrium model. We found that more incoming tourists will increase income and welfare, but this phenomenon will also induce a change in the productive structure, with a decline in agriculture and manufacturing, partially compensated by an expansion of service industries. We found that, in most countries, the decline in agriculture entails a lower demand for water, counteracting the additional demand for water coming from tourists and bringing about a lower water consumption overall.

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File URL: http://www.unive.it/media/allegato/DIP/Economia/Working_papers/Working_papers_2012/WP_DSE_roson_sartori_05_12.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari" in its series Working Papers with number 2012_05.

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Length: 15
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ven:wpaper:2012_05

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Keywords: Climate Change; Computable General Equilibrium; Tourism; Water; Tourism Climate Index.;

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References

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  1. Roberto Roson & Martina Sartori, 2010. "Water Scarcity and Virtual Water Trade in the Mediterranean," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari" 2010_08, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
  2. Roberto Roson & Francesco Bosello & Andrea Bigano & Richard S.J. Tol, 2008. "Economy-Wide Impacts of Climate Change: A Joint Analysis for Sea Level Rise and Tourism," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari" 2008_06, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
  3. Eboli, Fabio & Parrado, Ramiro & Roson, Roberto, 2010. "Climate-change feedback on economic growth: explorations with a dynamic general equilibrium model," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(05), pages 515-533, October.
  4. Roberto Roson & Dominique Van der Mensbrugghe, 2012. "Climate change and economic growth: impacts and interactions," International Journal of Sustainable Economy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(3), pages 270-285.
  5. Brockmeier, Martina, 2001. "A Graphical Exposition of the GTAP Model," GTAP Technical Papers 311, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  6. Bas Amelung & Alvaro Moreno, 2009. "Impacts of climate change in tourism in Europe. PESETA-Tourism study," JRC-IPTS Working Papers, Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre JRC55392, Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.
  7. Andrea Bigano & Maria Berrittella & Roberto Roson & Richard S.J. Tol, 2004. "A General Equilibrium Analysis of Climate Change Impacts on Tourism," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2004.127, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  8. Corden, W Max & Neary, J Peter, 1982. "Booming Sector and De-Industrialisation in a Small Open Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(368), pages 825-48, December.
  9. Jacqueline M. Hamilton & David J. Maddison & Richard S.J. Tol, 2003. "Climate Change And International Tourism: A Simulation Study," Working Papers, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University FNU-31, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Sep 2003.
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