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Corruption in representative democracy

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  • Bannikova, Marina
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    Abstract

    A parliament with n members, distributed among two parties, decides whether to accept or reject a certain proposal. Each member of the parliament votes in favour or against. If there are at least t members in favour, the proposal is accepted; otherwise it is rejected. A non-member of the parliament, the briber, is interested in having the proposal accepted. To this end, he is willing to bribe members to induce them to vote in favour. It is compared a parliament with party discipline, where members vote according to the party line, and a parliament without party discipline, where members vote according to their own opinion. The paper determines, for given values of n and t , the average number of members that the briber has to bribe in each case (with the average taken with respect to all the possible allocations of members between parties and their votes, and also with respect to those allocations inducing the briber to bribe). The results show that a parliament with parties with party discipline is more costly for the briber to be bribed.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/213635
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2072/213635.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:urv:wpaper:2072/213635

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    Keywords: Parlaments; Corrupció; Disciplina de partit; Subornació; 32 - Política;

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    1. Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman & Reis Soares, Rodrigo, 2001. "Accountability and corruption : political institutions matter," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2708, The World Bank.
    2. Torsten Persson & Guido Tabellini & Francesco Trebbi, 2003. "Electoral Rules and Corruption," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 1(4), pages 958-989, 06.
    3. Roger B. Myerson, 1991. "Effectiveness of Electoral Systems for Reducing Government Corruption: A Game-Theoretic Analysis," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 956, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    4. Rick Stapenhurst & Niall Johnston & Riccardo Pelizzo, 2006. "The Role of Parliaments in Curbing Corruption," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7106, August.
    5. Roger B. Myerson, 1998. "Theoretical Comparisons of Electoral Systems," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 1261, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
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