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Below the Radar: What does Innovation in Emerging Economies have to offer other Low Income Economies?

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Author Info

  • Kaplinsky, Raphael

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Chataway, Joanna

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Clark, Norman

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Hanlin, Rebecca

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Kale, Dinar

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Muraguri, Lois

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Papaioannou, Theo

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Robbins, Peter

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Wamae, Watu

    ()
    (Open University, Milton Keynes)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Between 1970 and 2000 the proportion of global R&D occurring in low income economies rose from two percent to more than 20 percent. However, this rising commitment to R&D does not easily translate into the emergence of a family of innovations meeting the needs of low income consumers "at the bottom of the pyramid", since much of these technological resources are invested in outdated structures of innovation. A number of transnational corporations are targeting these markets but it is our contention that much of the previously dominant innovation value chains are either ignorant of the needs of consumers at the bottom of the pyramid, or lack the technologies and organisational structures to meet these needs effectively. Instead, the firms and value chains that are likely to be most successful in these dynamic new markets are those that are emerging in China and India and other developing countries, disrupting global corporate and locational hierarchies of innovation.

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    File URL: http://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/wppdf/2010/wp2010-020.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) in its series MERIT Working Papers with number 020.

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    Date of creation: 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2010020

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    Related research

    Keywords: Science and Technology; Asian drivers; Innovation Systems; Millennium Development Goals;

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    References

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    1. Branko Milanovic, 2003. "The Two Faces Of Globalization: Against Globalization As We Know It," Development and Comp Systems 0303007, EconWPA.
    2. Freeman, Chris, 1995. "The 'National System of Innovation' in Historical Perspective," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 5-24, February.
    3. Pardey, Philip G. & Roseboom, Johannes & Beintema, Nienke M., 1995. "Investments in African agricultural research:," EPTD discussion papers 14, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:
    1. Vamsidhar Reddy, T.S. & Hall, Andy & Sulaiman V., Rasheed, 2010. "New Organisational and Institutional Vehicles for Managing Innovation in South Asia: Opportunities for Using Research for Technical Change and Social Gain," MERIT Working Papers 054, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    2. Otaviano Canuto & Mark A. Dutz & José Guilherme Reis, 2010. "Technological Learning and Innovation : Climbing a Tall Ladder," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10167, The World Bank.

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