Fair Housing Enforcement and Changes in Discrimination between 1989 and 2000: An Exploratory Study
AbstractUsing paired testing data from the 1989 and 2000 Housing Discrimination Studies (HDS) and data on fair housing enforcement activities during the 1990s in the corresponding metro areas, we investigate whether 1989-2000 changes in the metropolitan incidence of racial/ethnic discrimination correlate with fair housing enforcement activity during the 1990s. We found that higher amounts of state and local enforcement activity supported by HUD through its FHIP and FHAP programs (especially the amount of dollars awarded by the courts) were consistently associated with greater declines in discrimination against black apartment-seekers and home-seekers. The evidence does not support similar conclusions for housing market discrimination against Hispanics where the level of enforcement is much lower.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Connecticut, Department of Economics in its series Working papers with number 2005-16.
Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: May 2005
Date of revision:
Note: The ideas in this paper do not necessarily represent the views of our Universities, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, or any other agency of the Federal Government. The authors wish to thank the many people at the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Urban Institute, FH Associates, Progressive Management Resources, and Abt Associates who helped make the 2000 Housing Discrimination Study a success. We also express gratitude to Fred Freiberg, Todd Richardson, and Cliff Schrupp for their invaluable assistance in obtaining fair housing enforcement data from various sources. Sarah Pratt provided helpful technical assistance regarding the TEAPOTS database. Jackie Cutsinger and Phyllis Seals at Wayne State University and Jason Cutsinger at Compuware Inc. supplied able research, production, and technical assistance.
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More information through EDIRC
Housing Discrimination; Fair Housing Enforcement; and Paired Testing;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
- L85 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Real Estate Services
- R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-06-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAW-2006-06-03 (Law & Economics)
- NEP-REG-2006-06-03 (Regulation)
- NEP-URE-2006-06-03 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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