Marginal Effects in Multivariate Probit and Kindred Discrete and Count Outcome Models
AbstractEstimation of marginal or partial effects of covariates x on various conditional parameters or functionals is often the main target of applied microeconometric analysis. In the specific context of probit models, estimation of partial effects involving outcome probabilities will often be of interest. Such estimation is straightforward in univariate models, and Greene, 1996, 1998, has extended these results to cover the case of quadrant probability marginal effects in bivariate probit models. The first purpose of this paper is to extend these results to encompass the general !"!# multivariate probit (MVP) context for arbitrary orthant probabilities. It is suggested that such partial effects are broadly useful in situations wherein multivariate outcomes are of concern. The paper derives the general result on orthant probability partial effects, which contains Greene's bivariate result as a special case. These results are then extended to models that condition on subvectors of y, to count data structures that derive from the probability structure of y, to multivariate ordered probit data structures, and to the multinomial probit model whose marginal effects turn out to be a special case of those of the multivariate probit model. Numerical simulations suggest that use of the analytical formulae versus fully numerical
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Geary Institute, University College Dublin in its series Working Papers with number 201135.
Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 02 Dec 2011
Date of revision:
multivariate probit; multinomial probit; marginal effects; orthant probability partial effects; count data;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-12-13 (All new papers)
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- Fichera, Eleonora & Sutton, Matt, 2011.
"State and self investments in health,"
Journal of Health Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1164-1173.
- Fichera1, E; & Sutton, M;, 2010. "State and self investments in health," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 10/23, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
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