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Profit shifting by debt financing in Europe

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  • Francesca Barion
  • Raffaele Miniaci
  • Paolo M Panteghini
  • Maria Laura Parisi

Abstract

This article aims at analyzing the link between subsidiaries' cap- ital structure and taxation in Europe. First we introduce a trade- off model, which studies a MNCs' financial strategy and shows how debt policy allows multinational groups to shift profits from low-tax to high-tax jurisdictions. By letting the MNC choose both leverage and the percentage of profit shifting, we depart from the relevant literature which has mainly focused on the latter. Using the AMADEUS dataset we show that: i) subsidiaries' leverage increases with the statutory tax rate, levied in the country where it operates; ii) this positive effect is lower, the higher the parent company tax rate is. Furthermore, an increase in the parent company's tax rate is estimated to raise its subsidiaries' leverage.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Brescia, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1007.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ubs:wpaper:1007

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Cited by:
  1. Feld, Lars P. & Heckemeyer, Jost H. & Overesch, Michael, 2011. "Capital structure choice and company taxation: A meta-study," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-075, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Schindler, Dirk & Schjelderup, Guttorm, 2012. "Debt shifting and ownership structure," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 635-647.
  3. Schindler, Dirk & Møen, Jarle & Schjelderup, Guttorm & Tropina, Julia, 2013. "International Debt Shifting: Do Multinationals Shift Internal or External Debt?," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79749, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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