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Tax Reforms, Debt Shifting and Tax Revenues: Multinational Corporations in Canada

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Author Info

  • Vijay Jog
  • Jianmin Tang
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    Abstract

    An analysis of Canadiancorporate income tax revenues during the 1984–94 periodshows a relative shifting of tax revenue shares between Canadianand foreign-controlled corporations, and a substantial changein the debt levels of foreign-controlled corporations, as wellas Canadian-based multinationals. We claim that these changesmay have been associated with the tax reforms undertaken by theUnited States and Canada in the mid-1980s resulting in the relativechange in the tax rates between the two countries. We also hypothesizethat if this difference persists and in Canadian-controlled corporationscontinue to aggressively expand abroad, the Canadian corporatetax base could experience further pressure. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1023/A:1008749415492
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal International Tax and Public Finance.

    Volume (Year): 8 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 5-25

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:8:y:2001:i:1:p:5-25

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=102915

    Related research

    Keywords: multi-national taxation; tax revenue impact;

    References

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    8. Jean-Thomas Bernard & Robert J. Weiner, 1989. "Multinational Corporations, Transfer Prices, and Taxes: Evidence from the U.S. Petroleum Industry," NBER Working Papers 3013, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Kale, Jayant R & Noe, Thomas H & Ramirez, Gabriel G, 1991. " The Effect of Business Risk on Corporate Capital Structure: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(5), pages 1693-715, December.
    10. Jan Bartholdy & Gordon R. Fisher & Jack Mintz, 1989. "An Empirical Study of the Impact of Corporate Taxation on the Debt Policy of Canadian Firms," Working Papers 742, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    11. Kanbur, Ravi & Keen, Michael, 1991. "Tax competition and tax coordination : when countries differ in size," Policy Research Working Paper Series 738, The World Bank.
    12. Hartman, David G., 1985. "Tax policy and foreign direct investment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 107-121, February.
    13. Bradley, Michael & Jarrell, Gregg A & Kim, E Han, 1984. " On the Existence of an Optimal Capital Structure: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(3), pages 857-78, July.
    14. Hugh J. Ault & David F. Bradford, 1990. "Taxing International Income: An Analysis of the U.S. System and Its Economic Premises," NBER Chapters, in: Taxation in the Global Economy, pages 11-52 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:
    1. Raffaele Miniaci & Paolo Panteghini & Maria Laura Parisi, 2011. "Debt shifting in Europe," Working Papers 1121, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
    2. Jack Mintz & Alfons Weichenrieder, 2005. "Taxation and the Financial Structure of German Outbound FDI," CESifo Working Paper Series 1612, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Someshwar Rao & Jianmin Tang & Weimin Wang, 2003. "Canada's Recent Productivity Record and Capital Accumulation," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 7, pages 24-38, Fall.
    4. Lars P. Feld & Jost Henrich Heckemeyer & Michael Overesch, 2011. "Capital Structure Choice and Company Taxation: A Meta-Study," CESifo Working Paper Series 3400, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Jack Mintz & Michael Smart, 2001. "Income Shifting, Investment, and Tax Competition: Theory and Evidence from Provincial Taxation in Canada," CESifo Working Paper Series 554, CESifo Group Munich.
    6. Christian Keuschnigg & Peter Egger & Wolfgang Eggert & Hannes Winner, 2009. "Corporate Taxation, Debt Financing and Foreign Plant Ownership," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2009 2009-01, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
    7. Harry Huizinga & Luc Laeven & Gaetan Nicodeme, 2006. "Capital structure and international debt shifting," European Economy - Economic Papers 263, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    8. Shafik Hebous & Alfons Weichenrieder, 2009. "Debt Financing and Sharp Currency Depreciations: Wholly vs. Partially Owned Multinational Affiliates," CESifo Working Paper Series 2892, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. Peter Egger & Wolfgang Eggert & Hannes Winner, 2007. "Saving Taxes Through Foreign Plant Ownership," CESifo Working Paper Series 1887, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Thiess Buettner & Georg Wamser, 2009. "Internal Debt and Multinationals' Profit Shifting - Empirical Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data," Working Papers 0918, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
    11. Mari Avarmaa & Aaro Hazak & Kadri Männasoo, 2011. "Capital structure formation in multinational and local companies in the Baltic States," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 11(1), pages 125-146, July.

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