What Has Happened to Middle-Class Earnings? Distributional Shifts in Earnings in Canada, 1970-2005
AbstractThis paper examines how middle-class earnings in Canada have changed between 1970 and 2005 using Census microdata. Middle-class earnings are defined as workersâ€™ earnings between 50 and 150 percent of the median or as earnings between the 20th and 80th percentile earnings. The analysis looks at the proportion of workers (â€œworkersâ€™ shareâ€) with middle-class earnings and the proportion of earnings (â€œearnings shareâ€) received by middle-class workers. The study finds: (i) there has been a marked decline of full-time full-year middle-class workers and corresponding marked increases of higher- and lower-earning workers in the Canadian workplace; (ii) there has been an even larger shift in earnings with middle-class workers losing out to strong earnings gains of higher-earning workers; and (iii) the majority of the decline of the middle-class earnings share was due to the fall in their workersâ€™ share for male and for full-time full-year female workers.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Vancouver School of Economics in its series CLSSRN working papers with number clsrn_admin-2014-13.
Length: 79 pages
Date of creation: 26 Mar 2014
Date of revision: 26 Mar 2014
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/
middle-class earnings; polarization of earnings; Canadian inequality;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J39 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Other
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-03-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-LMA-2014-03-30 (Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, & Wages)
- NEP-LTV-2014-03-30 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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