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La Demanda Residencial por Energía Eléctrica en Chile

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En un contexto de demanda creciente y oferta estocástica de energía en Chile se hace necesario conocer a cabalidad los determinantes de la demanda por energía eléctrica de los hogares - en particular su elasticidad precio - para así utilizar mecanismos de flexibilización de precios con miras a reducir posibles déficits de energía. Este trabajo estima la demanda de energía eléctrica residencial usando información de la Encuesta de Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional (CASEN) 2006, siendo innovadora respecto de estudios previos al usar datos desagregados por hogar. Los resultados obtenidos son bastante consistentes con estudios previos, mostrando una elasticidad precio de entre -0.38 y -0.40 para el consumo residencial, una elasticidad cruzada entre 0.14 y 0.16 con respecto al precio del gas licuado y una elasticidad ingreso de entre 0.11 y 0.12, dependiendo de si se evaluó en la mediana o la media de las variables independientes. En suma, los resultados muestran la factibilidad de realizar manejo de la demanda como parte de una política de eficiencia energética y así hacer frente a shocks negativos de oferta de energía eléctrica en Chile.

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Paper provided by Adolfo Ibáñez University, School of Government in its series Working Papers with number wp_013.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:uai:wpaper:wp_013

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Cited by:
  1. Galetovic, Alexander & Muñoz, Cristián M., 2011. "Regulated electricity retailing in Chile," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6453-6465, October.

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