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International R&D spillovers, absorptive capacity and relative backwardness: a panel smooth transition regression model

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  • Andrea Fracasso

    ()

  • Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti

    ()

Abstract

We investigate how the country’s absorptive capacity and relative backwardness affect the impact of international R&D spillovers on domestic Total Factor Productivity (TFP). To account for nonlinearities, we adopt a Panel Smooth Transition Regression (PSTR) approach, where the country’s elasticity of TFP to foreign R&D stock is allowed to change smoothly across various identified extreme values, and this change is related to observable transition variables: human capital (capturing the country’s absorptive capacity) and relative backwardness. The results suggest that absorptive capacity is positively associated with international R&D spillovers. In addition, and in contrast with previous results, relative backwardness has a negative and significant impact on them.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number 1203.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:trn:utwpde:1203

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Keywords: Absorptive capacity; International R&D spillovers; Nonlinear panel; Smooth Transition Regression; Total Factor Productivity;

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