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Monetary Policy and the Distribution of Money and Capital

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  • Miguel Molico

    (University of Western Ontario)

  • Yahong Zhang

    ()
    (Bank of Canada)

Abstract

Existing search-theoretical model of money have in general abstracted from the existence and accumulation of other assets, in particular, capital. In this paper we present a model where the optimal portfolio allocation decision of agents is explicitly modeled. Trade frictions in a decentralized consumption goods market give rise to an endogenous role for money. Capital goods are assumed to be type-specific and traded in a centralized market. Uninsurable idiosyncratic uncertainty in production and trading opportunities leads to a non-degenerate distribution of wealth. By focusing on stationary equilibria we characterize numerically the wealth distribution and its composition. We further analyze the effects of monetary policy on the equilibrium patterns of exchange, the distribution of wealth, capital accumulation and welfare. In particular, we show that a moderate expansionary policy, accomplished via lump-sum transfers, can lead to a steady-state increase in aggregate output, aggregate consumption, capital accumulation, and welfare

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 with number 136.

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Date of creation: 04 Jul 2006
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Handle: RePEc:sce:scecfa:136

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Keywords: search; money; capital; monetary policy; redistribution; wealth;

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References

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  1. Bhattacharya, Joydeep & Haslag, Joseph & Martin, Antoine, 2004. "Heterogeneity, Redistribution, and the Friedman Rule," Staff General Research Papers 11371, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  2. Fernando Alvarez & Andrew Atkeson & Patrick J. Kehoe, 2000. "Money, interest rates, and exchange rates with endogenously segmented markets," Staff Report 278, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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  9. Edward J. Green & Ruilin Zhou, 2005. "Money As A Mechanism In A Bewley Economy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(2), pages 351-371, 05.
  10. Miguel Molico, 2006. "The Distribution Of Money And Prices In Search Equilibrium," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(3), pages 701-722, 08.
  11. Fernando Alvarez & Andrew Atkeson & Chris Edmond, 2003. "On the Sluggish Response of Prices to Money in an Inventory-Theoretic Model of Money Demand," NBER Working Papers 10016, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2004. "A unified framework for monetary theory and policy analysis," Staff Report 346, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  13. Cooley, T.F. & Hansen, G.D., 1991. "The Welfare Costs of Moderate Inflations," RCER Working Papers 266, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  14. Stephen Williamson, 2004. "Search, Limited Participation, and Monetary Policy," 2004 Meeting Papers 214, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  15. Chris Edmond, 2002. "Self-Insurance, Social Insurance, and the Optimum Quantity of Money," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 141-147, May.
  16. Deviatov Alexei & Wallace Neil, 2001. "Another Example in which Lump-sum Money Creation is Beneficial," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-22, February.
  17. Jonathan Chiu, 2005. "Endogenously Segmented Asset Market in an Inventory Theoretic Model of Money Demand," 2005 Meeting Papers 108, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  18. Shi, Shouyong, 1999. "Money, capital, and redistributive effects of monetary policies," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 565-590, February.
  19. Aleksander Berentsen & Gabriele Camera & C hristopher W aller, 2005. "The Distribution Of Money Balances And The Nonneutrality Of Money," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(2), pages 465-487, 05.
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Cited by:
  1. Ciżkowicz, Piotr & Hołda, Marcin & Rzońca, Andrzej, 2009. "Inflation and investment in monetary growth models," MPRA Paper 19307, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Allen Head & Beverly Lapham, 2006. "Search, Market Power, and Inflation Dynamics," 2006 Meeting Papers 559, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Ilgmann, Cordelius & Menner, Martin, 2011. "Negative nominal interest rates: History and current proposals," CAWM Discussion Papers 43, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.
  4. Martin Menner, 2011. ""Gesell Tax" and Efficiency of Monetary Exchange," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-26, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  5. Guillaume Rocheteau, 2011. "On the coexistence of money and higher-return assets and its social role," Working Paper 1104, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.

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