Modern Currency Wars: The United States versus Japan
AbstractIn 2013, through massive quantitative easing by the Bank of Japan (BOJ), the yen depreciated about 25% against the US dollar, stoking fears of Japan bashing by the US. However, this sharp depreciation simply restored the purchasing power parity of the yen with the dollar. Since 2008, quantitative easing by the BOJ has been similar to that carried out by the US Federal Reserve, the Bank of England, and the European Central Bank. So the BOJ can only be faulted as a currency belligerent if there is further significant yen depreciation. Led by the US, now all mature industrial countries are addicted to near-zero interest liquidity traps in both the short and long terms. Such ultra-low interest rates are causing lasting damage to the countries' financial systems, and to those of emerging markets, which naturally have higher interest rates. But exiting the trap creates a risk of chaos in long-term bond markets and is proving surprisingly difficult.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Asian Development Bank Institute in its series ADBI Working Papers with number 437.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 10 Oct 2013
Date of revision:
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More information through EDIRC
currency wars; liquidity trap; quantitative easing; dollar versus yen; purchasing power parity;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
- F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-10-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-MON-2013-10-18 (Monetary Economics)
- NEP-OPM-2013-10-18 (Open Economy Macroeconomic)
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