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The Benefits and Costs of Informal Sector Pollution Control: Mexican Brick Kilns

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  • Blackman, Allen

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Shih, Jhih-Shyang

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Cook, Joseph
  • Newbold, Stephen

Abstract

In developing countries, urban clusters of manufacturers which are "informal"—small-scale, unlicensed and virtually unregulated—can have severe environmental impacts. Yet pollution control efforts have traditionally focused on large industrial sources, in part because the problem is not well-understood. This paper presents a benefit-cost analysis of four practical strategies for reducing emissions from traditional brick kilns in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. To our knowledge, it is the first such analysis of informal sources. We find very significant net benefits for three of the four control strategies. These results suggest that informal polluters should be a high priority for environmental regulators.

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Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-00-46.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2000
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Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-00-46

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  1. Lauraine G. Chestnut & Bart D. Ostro & Nuntavarn Vichit-Vadakan, 1997. "Transferability of Air Pollution Control Health Benefits Estimates from the United States to Developing Countries: Evidence from the Bangkok Study," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1630-1635.
  2. Blackman, Allen, 2000. "Informal Sector Pollution Control: What Policy Options Do We Have?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 2067-2082, December.
  3. Dasgupta, Nandini, 2000. "Environmental Enforcement and Small Industries in India: Reworking the Problem in the Poverty Context," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 945-967, May.
  4. Blackman, Allen & Bannister, Geoffrey, 1998. "Pollution Control in the Informal Sector: The Ciudad Juárez Brickmakers' Project," Discussion Papers dp-98-15, Resources For the Future.
  5. Alberini, Anna & Cropper, Maureen & Fu, Tsu-Tan & Krupnick, Alan & Liu, Jin-Tan & Shaw, Daigee & Harrington, Winston, 1997. "Valuing Health Effects of Air Pollution in Developing Countries: The Case of Taiwan," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 107-126, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Blackman, Allen, 2000. "Informal Sector Pollution Control: What Policy Options Do We Have?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 2067-2082, December.
  2. Ceyhun Elgin & Ummad Mazhar, 2012. "Environmental Regulation, Pollution and the Informal Economy," Working Papers 2012/07, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
  3. Blackman, Allen & Batz, Michael & Evans, David, 2003. "Maquiladoras, Air Pollution, and Human Health in Ciudad Juarez and El Paso," Discussion Papers dp-03-18, Resources For the Future.
  4. Blackman, Allen & Kildegaard, Arne, 2003. "Clean Technological Change in Developing-Country Industrial Clusters: Mexican Leather Tanning," Discussion Papers dp-03-12-rev, Resources For the Future.
  5. Bagdja Muljarijadi & Rahmat Thio, 2008. "Economic Valuation of Urban Informal Activities: Case Study of Flea Markets in Bandung Municipality," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 200802, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised May 2008.
  6. Ceyhun Elgin & Oguz Oztunali, 2013. "Environmental Kuznets Curve for the Informal Sector of Turkey (1950-2009)," Working Papers 2013/05, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
  7. Ceyhun Elgin & Oguz Oztunali, 2014. "Pollution and Informal Economy," Working Papers 2014/03, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.

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