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Control Of Water And Coastal Pollution An Appraisal For Espirito,Brazil

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Author Info

  • MIGARA JAYAWARDENA
  • Glenn Jenkins

    ()
    (Queen's University, Kingston, On, Canada)

  • GANGADHAR SHUKLA

Abstract

A shortage of clean drinking water, the lack of an adequate sewage system, and rapid environmental degradation from waste dumping have prompted the State of Espirito Santo in Brazil to consider expanding the water supply and sewage disposal system in the region. This paper reports on the finding of a study to appraise the viability of a project to alleviate some of the shortfall in potable water and sewage service in the State. Recommendations are developed for improved investment and operational strategies through an integrated analysis of the financial, economic, distributive and risk aspect of the project. Result of the study indicate that even through the project, in its current state, is not likely to be financially profitable, it is expected to create significant economic gains for society through the reduction in environmental pollution. Furthermore, improvements in operation and management practices that address the issue of water leakage, invoicing and collections are keys to improving the financial viability, and perhaps ultimately, the economic viability of the system. A particular challenge provided by the study has been the measurement of intangible environmental benefit and their inclusion in the projects analysis of discounted net economic benefits. Without the measure of these benefits the overall economic value produced by this project would be seriously understated.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by JDI Executive Programs in its series Development Discussion Papers with number 1999-04.

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Length: 100 pages
Date of creation: Apr 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:qed:dpaper:134

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Related research

Keywords: Brazil; water; sewage; environmental; investment; contingent valuation;

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References

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  1. Jenkins, G.P., 1998. "Evaluation of Stakeholder Impacts in Cost-Benefit Analysis," Papers 631, Harvard - Institute for International Development.
  2. Glenn Jenkins, 1995. "Potable Water Supply Expansion: The Manila South Water Distribution Project," Development Discussion Papers 1995-05, JDI Executive Programs.
  3. Savvakis C. Savvides, 2004. "Risk Analysis in Investment Appraisal," Finance 0409020, EconWPA.
  4. Peter A. Diamond & Jerry A. Hausman, 1994. "Contingent Valuation: Is Some Number Better than No Number?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 45-64, Fall.
  5. Paul R. Portney, 1994. "The Contingent Valuation Debate: Why Economists Should Care," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 3-17, Fall.
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Cited by:
  1. Hasan Bicak & Glenn Jenkins, 1999. "Costs And Pricing Policies Related To Transporting Water By Tanker From Turkey To North Cyprus," Development Discussion Papers 1999-07, JDI Executive Programs.

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