Der Wert der Sicherheit: Anmerkungen zur Ökonomie der Sicherheit
[The value of safety: Some remarks on the economics of safety]
AbstractSafety is costly, but lack of safety can be even more expensive. This contribution considers the various dimensions of “Economics of Safety”, ranging from safety at work to road safety, terrorism and crime. Economic science helps to understand the role of safety as a (public or private) good which is supplied and demanded under technological and budgetary constraints as well as individual incentives. However, realized equilibrium levels of safety might be affected by market failure, for instance due to moral hazard problems. The paper highlights the need for regulated safety markets and minimum standards. The level of safety in a society depends on the opportunity costs of non-realized safety levels. For instance, when societal costs of crime are considered exuberant, public pressure will be high and more police would be hired. Thus, measuring costs of lacking safety and willingness-to-pay for security measures are crucial for practical policy and empirical aspects of the economics of safety. This paper presents common approaches found in the literature which distinguish between direct and indirect costs as well as between tangible and intangible costs. An illustrative example is taken from the calculation of societal costs of fatal traffic accidents which is contrasted by the way such costs measures are considered in the health sector and the economics of crime. Approaches are similar but differ in the evaluation of pain, harm and mental illness. Future policy advice would benefit from standardisation of intangible cost measures.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49692.
Date of creation: 09 Sep 2013
Date of revision:
Public Goods; safety economics; economic costs of accidents; intangible costs; safety market;
Other versions of this item:
- Entorf, Horst, 2013.
"Der Wert der Sicherheit: Anmerkungen zur Ökonomie der Sicherheit
[The value of safety: Some remarks on the economics of safety]," MPRA Paper 49690, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
- I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
- I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
- K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-09-24 (All new papers)
- NEP-GER-2013-09-24 (German Papers)
- NEP-TRE-2013-09-24 (Transport Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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NBER Working Papers
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