Burley Tobacco Clubs in Malawi: Nonmarket Institutions for Exports
AbstractThis paper studies nonmarket institutions that facilitate exports. In Malawi, as in many other developing countries, farmers face numerous constraints that disconnect them from export markets. We explore the role of a local institution, the burley tobacco clubs, in bridging smallholders to exports. Burley clubs potentially enable farmers to increase their tobacco farming productivity by providing services related to institutional access, collective action, economies of scale, and supporting networks. Using matching methods and instrumental variable techniques, we find that tobacco club membership causes an increase of between 40-74 percent in output per acre and an increase of between 45-89 percent in tobacco sales per acre. Instead, neither the land share allocated to tobacco nor the unit value obtained by the producers is affected by club membership.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 6210.
Date of creation: Nov 2007
Date of revision:
institutional access; collective action and economies of scale; supporting networks; tobacco exports; trade facilitation;
Other versions of this item:
- Negri, Mariano & Porto, Guido G., 2008. "Burley tobacco clubs in Malawi : nonmarket institutions for exports," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4561, The World Bank.
- F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
- O17 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
- Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2007-12-15 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2007-12-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-INT-2007-12-15 (International Trade)
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