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Women’s job search propensity and selection effect in European labour markets

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  • Castellano, Rosalia
  • Punzo, Gennaro
  • Rocca, Antonella
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    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to explore the main determinants of women’s job search propensity and the mechanism underlying the selection effect into labour markets. The analysis compares the European countries which share the lowest female activity rates with the well-developed economies of North Europe characterized by the highest levels of female labour force participation. The potential selection bias due to the overlap in some unobserved characteristics is addressed via a bivariate probit model. Significant selection effects in women’s job search process of opposite signs are found for the Greek and for the Polish and the Norwegian labour markets.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/50869/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 50869.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50869

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    Related research

    Keywords: job search propensity; gender gap; selection effect; bivariate probit model;

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    1. Kristen Keith & Abagail McWilliams, 1999. "The Returns to mobility and job search by gender," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 52(3), pages 460-477, April.
    2. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281.
    3. Christopher Fleming & Parvinder Kler, 2008. "I'm too clever for this job: a bivariate probit analysis on overeducation and job satisfaction in Australia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(9), pages 1123-1138.
    4. Parsons, Donald O, 1991. "The Job Search Behavior of Employed Youth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 597-604, November.
    5. Natalia V. Smirnova, 2004. "Job search behavior of unemployed in Russia," Macroeconomics 0401012, EconWPA.
    6. Albrecht, James & van Vuuren, Aico & Vroman, Susan, 2009. "Counterfactual distributions with sample selection adjustments: Econometric theory and an application to the Netherlands," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 383-396, August.
    7. Lawrence M. Kahn & Stuart A. Low, 1984. "An Empirical Model of Employed Search, Unemployed Search, and Nonsearch," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 19(1), pages 104-117.
    8. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
    9. Casey B. Mulligan & Yona Rubinstein, 2008. "Selection, Investment, and Women's Relative Wages Over Time," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 123(3), pages 1061-1110, August.
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