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Taxes on Cars and Gasoline to Control of Air Pollution: Suggested Models for Bangladesh

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  • Islam, Jamal
  • Mohajan, Haradhan
  • Paul, Joly
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    Abstract

    The main aim of this paper is to investigate some policies that would influence people to drive fewer miles and to buy smaller cars, use better pollution control equipment, and cleaner fuel. An attempt has been made to quote the vehicle tax rates of Bangladesh. Despite technological advances, the emissions of cars’ still can not be measured reliably enough to impose a Pigovian tax. Literature review reveals that the gas tax depends on fuel type, engine size and pollution control equipment. A vehicle tax depends on mileage or a combination of uniform tax rates on gasoline and engine size with a subsidy to pollution control equipment. This study suggested two models, which first considers homogenous consumers and then considers for heterogeneous consumers that differ by income and two taste parameters, one for miles and other for vehicle size. Yet Bangladesh has not imposed emission taxes on vehicles properly; as a result the air pollutions in large cities are increasing dangerously. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is one of the dangerously polluted cities of the world. The government of Bangladesh should take immediate steps to impose emission taxes on vehicles according to guidelines of this paper to apply the taxes on vehicles.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/50668/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 50668.

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    Date of creation: 05 Feb 2011
    Date of revision: 18 Mar 2011
    Publication status: Published in Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences 2.5(2011): pp. 60-73
    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50668

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    Related research

    Keywords: Vehicle Emission; Pigovian Tax; Social Welfare.;

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    References

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    1. Don Fullerton & Sarah West, 1999. "Can Taxes on Cars and on Gasoline Mimic an Unavailable Tax on Emissions?," NBER Working Papers 7059, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Fullerton Don & West Sarah E, 2010. "Tax and Subsidy Combinations for the Control of Car Pollution," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-33, February.
    3. Hoel, Michael, 1998. " Emission Taxes versus Other Environmental Policies," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 100(1), pages 79-104, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Haradhan Kumar Mohajan, 2011. "Optimal Environmental Taxes Due to Health Effect," KASBIT Journal of Management & Social Science, Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT), vol. 4, pages 1-19, December.

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