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Optimal Environmental Taxes Due to Health Effect

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  • Haradhan Kumar Mohajan

    ()
    (Premier University, Chittagong, Bangladesh)

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    Abstract

    This paper shows that the optimal environmental tax should be less than the marginal environmental damages; since the presence of pre-existing distortionary taxes, increasing the welfare costs is associated with the overall tax code. The reduction of pollution causes the benefits of health by supplying maximum labors to create benefit-side tax interactions, which will tend to reduce the optimal environmental taxes. The paper also shows that the existence of social security system preserves the gross wage of labors during sick days and grants subsidies to medical treatments. An attempt is made to confirm that health effects labor supply, which results in an additional impact, the benefit-side tax-interaction effect.

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    File URL: http://kasbit.edu.pk/KBJVol4/1-Haradhan-Optimal%20Environmental%20Taxes%20Due%20to%20Health%20Effect.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT) in its journal KASBIT Bussiness Journal.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2011)
    Issue (Month): (December)
    Pages: 1-19

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    Handle: RePEc:ksb:journl:v:4:y:2011:p:1-19

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    Web page: http://kasbit.edu.pk/academics/academic-departments/marketing-management/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Environmental Pollution; Optimal Environmental Taxes; Public Good; Budget Constraints;

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    References

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    1. Richard Blundell & Andrew Shephard, 2011. "Employment, Hours of Work and the Optimal Taxation of Low Income Families," Working Papers 1307, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
    2. Lawrence Goulder, 1995. "Environmental taxation and the double dividend: A reader's guide," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 157-183, August.
    3. Bovenberg, A.L. & Goulder, L.H., 1996. "Optimal environmental taxation in the presence of other taxes: General equilibrium analyses," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-73560, Tilburg University.
    4. Goulder, Lawrence H. & Parry, Ian W. H. & Williams III, Roberton C. & Burtraw, Dallas, 1999. "The cost-effectiveness of alternative instruments for environmental protection in a second-best setting," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(3), pages 329-360, June.
    5. Jesse Schwartz & Robert Repetto, 2000. "Nonseparable Utility and the Double Dividend Debate: Reconsidering the Tax-Interaction Effect," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 15(2), pages 149-157, February.
    6. Maia David & Bernard Sinclair-Desgagné, 2010. "Pollution Abatement Subsidies and the Eco-Industry," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 45(2), pages 271-282, February.
    7. Louis Kaplow, 2011. "An Optimal Tax System," NBER Working Papers 17214, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Frederick van der Ploeg & Cees Withagen, 2010. "Growth and the Optimal Carbon Tax: When to switch from exhaustible resources to renewables?," OxCarre Working Papers 055, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
    9. Frederick Van der Ploeg & Cees A. Withagen, 2010. "Is There Really a Green Paradox?," CESifo Working Paper Series 2963, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Parry Ian W. H., 1995. "Pollution Taxes and Revenue Recycling," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages S64-S77, November.
    11. Fullerton Don & West Sarah E, 2010. "Tax and Subsidy Combinations for the Control of Car Pollution," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-33, February.
    12. Terkla, David, 1984. "The efficiency value of effluent tax revenues," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 107-123, June.
    13. Don Fullerton, 2011. "Six Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy," NBER Working Papers 16703, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Hattori, Keisuke, 2011. "Optimal Environmental Policy under Monopolistic Provision of Clean Technologies," MPRA Paper 28837, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. de Bovenberg, A Lans & Mooij, Ruud A, 1994. "Environmental Levies and Distortionary Taxation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 1085-89, September.
    16. Alistair Ulph & David Ulph, 2011. "Optimal Climate Change Policies When Governments Cannot Commit," Discussion Paper Series, Department of Economics 201104, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews.
    17. Jamal Nazrul Islam1, & Haradhan Kumar Mohajan & Joly Paul, 2011. "Taxes on cars and Gasoline to Control of Air Pollution: Suggested Models for Bangladesh," Indus Journal of Management & Social Science (IJMSS), Department of Business Administration, vol. 5(2), pages 60-73, June.
    18. Islam, Jamal & Mohajan, Haradhan & Paul, Joly, 2011. "Taxes on Cars and Gasoline to Control of Air Pollution: Suggested Models for Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 50668, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Mar 2011.
    19. Louis Kaplow, 2011. "An Optimal Tax System," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 32(3), pages 415-435, 09.
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    Cited by:
    1. Mohajan, Haradhan, 2011. "Air pollution causes health effects and net national product of a country decreases: a theoretical framework," MPRA Paper 50858, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 May 2012.
    2. Mohajan, Haradhan, 2011. "Valuing health impacts of the workers in Bangladesh due to air pollution," MPRA Paper 50697, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 13 May 2011.

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